As it was we were compelled to hold our heads high and be, respectively, a gentleman and a lady.

Please re-read chapters 24, 25, and 26 of To Kill a Mockingbird.   Then write your response.  Please consider the following questions:

  • What passage or passages strike you as interesting or singular and why?
  • What questions do you want to discuss with the class tomorrow?
  • Why do you think these questions may generate interesting discussion?

Annotate!

Find great passages to discuss in class.

As always be sure to respond to at least one other comment in this thread and proofread your writing for spelling , punctuation, and grammar.

Mockingbird blog #12

44 thoughts on “As it was we were compelled to hold our heads high and be, respectively, a gentleman and a lady.

  1. They was a passage on 329 and 330, where the kids are doing Current Events. One child begins to ask about Hitler, who they found in a newspaper. Miss Gates discusses how we are different from the Germans. She says, “Over here we don’t believe in persecuting anybody.” It’s funny because Miss Gates doesn’t even acknowledge that we were just like the Germans, treating the blacks like sub humans and lynching and murdering them like the Nazis did to Jews. She even thinks that America wasn’t prejudiced, I cannot tell if she was ignorant or racism was so normalized she didn’t see it as wrong. Miss Gates mentions how, the Jews haven’t done anything to deserve their unfair treatment they received, just like the Africans Americans. Scout mentions how red and angry Miss Gates was when she was discussing the Jews prejudice, but would she be the same discussing African Americans. I just thought it was interesting how Harper Lee added that scene in and what she wanted us to think. If its wrong how the Jews are treated why didnt they extend that the to the African Americans of the time.

    • Great job Maya! You explained your thoughts and points clearly. I agree that Miss Gates would act differently if African Americans were involved.

  2. What shocked me the most in these chapters is the end, in chapter 26, where Miss Gates is talking about Hitler in Germany, and how they are persecuting the Jews. However, Scout then hears her afterwards talking to Miss Stephanie Crawford talking trash about people at home. I infer that she is talking about the African Americans, since Jem screamed at Scout that he didn’t want to hear another word about the case. Scout was too shocked to even act. This is surprising because she was saying that in America, they don’t persecute anyone. But then, she is talking about the African Americans in a hurtful way, not realizing that she herself is persecuting African Americans. This reminds me of northerners criticizing southerners of being racist, without realizing that they are racist themselves. Miss Gates criticizes Hitler for being hurtful, but she, herself, is too.

  3. In class we should discuss about Scouts teacher. Miss Gates says hi she hates Hilter. When asked questions about how Hikter can do this she says in Germany they don’t have a democracy. And says how in a democracy there is no prejudice. But how is Maycomb and the U.S. at the time a democracy of African Americans are discriminated against. Scout goes home and asks Jem. Jem gets angry. He is trying to forget about the whole Tom Robinson case. He can’t make sense of it yet. This shows us how the town covers themselves up. They say that they are a democracy. Miss Gates says how Jews contribute to society so Hilter shouldn’t discriminate against them. But African Americans contribute to society too.

    • Great job! I like how your blog was short and sweet. I don’t know why but for some reason I think that Maycomb has a lot of secrets that maybe Jem and Scout don’t know about. This ties into what you said about how the town covers themselves up. Keep up the great work!

  4. In tonight’s reading of To Kill A Mockingbird, many important events take place. It is revealed that Tom Robinson died, and this passage seemed very interesting to me. When it is first revealed that Tom Robinson has passed, everyone is in shock. This is shown when Atticus states, “‘Tom’s dead.’ Aunt Alexandra put her hands to her mouth…fumbling at her apron, Miss Maudie went to Calpurnia And helped her untie it.”(page 315). It is clear here that Tom’s death is devastating. It shows how important of a character Tom was. Even Aunt Alexandra, who has always had a comment for everyone, is rendered speechless. Tom’s death seems to be a big deal throughout Maycomb, too. This is illustrated as Scout states, “Maycomb was interested by the news of Tom’s death for perhaps two days; two days was enough for the information to spread through the county.” (page 322). Two days seems to be a lot of time to dwell on one death, especially considering the deceased person is black in a predominantly racist setting. It seems to me that through this scene, Harper Lee is trying to communicate that although Tom may have been a background character and was not touched upon enough, his actions and death affect everybody. It is possible Harper Lee also did this for suspense. The mood of the chapter seemed light enough before this, but came crashing down after this was revealed.

    One question I have after tonight’s reading is, will anyone get revenge on the Ewells, or anybody else for Tom’s death? It is wholly apparent in these chapters that Tom’s death is somber and heartbreaking, even to those not close to him. It makes me wonder if anybody, possibly even Atticus, may retaliate for the death of Robinson. Atticus himself seems unlikely, but it is always a possibility. Going into the next few chapters, it will be interesting to see how the aftermath of Tom’s death plays out, and how it will further affect the main characters.

    As a side note, I found it very interesting that Mr. Underwood, “Likened Tom’s death to the senseless slaughter of songbirds.” (page 323). This seemed very interesting, and it made me think of today in class when Emils brought up the idea of birds as targets, much like Tom Robinson was. That seemed very fascinating, and I hope to discuss it further in class.

    • Matthew, I never would have thought of the connections between the birds and what Mr. Underwood said. I also agree with what you said regarding Tom Robinson. Even though Tom Robinson does not seem important enough to show the reader who he actually is, when he died, everyone was affected. Great job.

    • Great Job, Matt! Your analysis was spot-on, and you included some very good points. In addition, you write very very well. I also didn’t notice Mr. Underwood’s bird reference. Keep up the great work!

  5. In chapters 24, 25, and 26, many important events occur including Tom Robinson’s death. However, one passage that was very interesting was when Miss Gates started talking about Hitler. We said it. Then Miss Gates said, “That’s the difference between America and Germany. We are a democracy and Germany is a dictatorship. Dictator-ship,” she said. “Over here we don’t believe in persecuting anybody. Persecution comes from people who are prejudiced. Prejudice,” she enunciated carefully. “There are no better people in the world than the Jews, and why Hitler doesn’t think so is a mystery to me.” An inquiring soul in the middle of the room said, “Why don’t they like the Jews,
    you reckon, Miss Gates?” “I don’t know, Henry. They contribute to every society they live in, and most of all, they are a deeply religious people. Hitler’s trying to do away with religion, so
    maybe he doesn’t like them for that reason.” Cecil spoke up. “Well I don’t know for certain,” he said, “they’re supposed to change money or somethin 4 , but that ain’t no cause to persecute ’em. They’re white, ain’t they?” Miss Gates said, “When you get to high school, Cecil, you’ll learn that the Jews have been persecuted since the beginning of history, even driven out of their own country. It’s one of the most terrible stories in history.” Miss Gates was being a hypocrite. How can she say that America has no prejudice if it has happened in Maycomb? Tom Robinson was persecuted because he was African American. SHE IS RACIST! Miss Gates completely forgets about African Americans and does not even consider that they did nothing wrong but because of prejudice, many of them are being lynched. She says that Jews do not deserve such treatment but the same thing is happening to African Americans. I have one last question. Why is Tom Robinson shot so many times? He was already dead yet they shot him seventeen times! That is just wrong!

    • Great job, Aniket. I wonder as well how Miss Gates could be so vehement about Jews being treated unfairly, but still be clueless to the situation in which African-Americans face. Tom Robinson was needlessly shot SEVENTEEN times, presumably because he was black.

  6. In chapters 24-26, many more things develop. We see the death of Tom Robinson, as he was shot multiple times as he tried to escape. The reaction to his death is many of Maycomb’s citizens not being surprised, and saying that they expected this to happen all along. They said that all Negroes who were convicted tried to escape, and even though he was a clean man who was legally married, they thought that he had the law-breaking gene inside him just because he was black. Then, when Scout is at school, a boy in her class is talking about Hilter and his persecution of Jews. The teacher, Miss Gates, is visibly distraught and angry at the way Hilter treats the Jews. She talks about how persecution is wrong, and how it is never seen in America. But, it is seen even more in America, as black people are frequently convicted falsely. When Scout asks Jem about this, and refers to the court case, Jem reacts very out of character. He starts screaming at Scout and shaking her by her collar, and is extremely angry and acts crazily. Atticus says that Jem had been going through tough times, but what has caused him to lose most, if not all of his composure?

    • Interesting article! I think that Jem lost his composure not only from this case, but also the facts that Maycomb County is a lot different than what he thought it was was just too much for him to handle. Hopefully, when he recomposed himself, we could get more information from him.

  7. In chapters 24-26 of To Kill a Mockingbird by Harper Lee, many significant events take place. First and foremost, it is revealed to us that Tom Robinson had been shot and killed while trying to escape. This new was very devastating to the characters in the novel and me, as well. It turns out that he had been shot seventeen times. Why was he shot so many times? Later on, Scout and Jem notice a rolly-polly on the back porch. As she is about to mash it with her hand, Jem immediately tells her not to. Jem explains to her that shouldn’t have mashed it because the bug didn’t do anything to harm her. This reminds me of the mockingbirds, and why it’s wrong to kill them. It seems that Jem is learning well from Atticus, who is teaching him very well. Finally, Scout’s teacher, Miss Gates, lectures the class on the wickedness of Hitler’s persecution of the Jews and on the virtues of equality and democracy. Scout listens and later asks Jem how Miss Gates can preach about equality when she came out of the courthouse after the trial and told Miss Stephanie Crawford that it was about time that someone taught the blacks in town a lesson. Scout has a great point, and it is clearly shown that Miss Gates is a hypocrite. After the conclusion of tonight’s reading, I wonder if the case will ever come up again in great detail, and how the rest of the story will unfold.

    • I like what you said. I especially agree with your statement that Mrs Gates is hypocritical. She is blaming Hitler for mistakes she is re-enacting.

  8. After reading chapters 24-26, I’ve noticed something that popped out at me. Throughout these chapters, the idea of “it’s a sin to kill a mockingbird”, is brought up over and over. The first instance where I noticed this is where Mr. Underwood’s stance on Tom Robinson’s death is talked about. Mr. Underwood had “likened Tom’s death to the senseless slaughter of songbirds by hunters and children”. Obviously enough, this is comparing Tom to a mockingbird, in which the death of him had no good reason. Secondly, Miss Gates exhibits this motif during her lesson. “ ‘Why don’t they like the Jews, you reckon, Miss Gates?’ ‘I don’t know, Henry. They contribute to every society they live in, and most of all, they are a deeply religious people. Hitler’s trying to do away with religion, so maybe he doesn’t like them for that reason.” This conversation could’ve easily been about black people. Like Miss Gates says, they contribute to every society they live in, but she still does not know why white people, in which Hitler is likened, want to “do away” with black people. However, this should not be taken as a characterization of Miss Gates, since she is shown to dislike African-Americans. “..how can you hate Hitler so bad an’ turn around and be ugly about folks right at home-”. You could tie these passages into racism as well. We see throughout the book that rarely a person understands that some people are prejudiced against for no reason, but when Miss Gates does, she still has a bias against another group. Jem and Scout are starting to understand this as well. At the end of the reading, he becomes furious when the thought of Tom Robinson being unfairly convicted comes into his mind. From the way Scout talked about Miss Gates, we also see this understanding of discrimination coming into her mind. Some questions on my mind after reading is: (on page 312) What causes Miss Maudie to become so angry at Mrs. Merriweather? Why does Aunt Alexandra feel grateful towards her? What does she mean, “his food doesn’t stick going down, does it?” I have a feeling this has to do with some sort of theme/motif about racism, since Mrs. Merriweather was talking about black folks earlier.

  9. One striking passage from tonights chapters was in chapter 24 when they are talking about what had gone on between Tom and Atticus and how Tom had lost so much hope. Today in class we talked about how hope is an important part of the novel because it can get people through hard times and we saw that even more in tonights reading. Right before Tom went to the prison he had spoken to Atticus and said, ” Good-bye, Mr. Finch, there ain’t nothin’ you can do now, so there ain’t no use trying. ” (page 314) Here in the chapter Tom is completely admitting defeat and giving up all hope in coming out of this fight with a win. Atticus feels like he has let down Tom and let him give up hope and that’s why he ran and was shot. Atticus wishes that because they had so much of a chance to win the appeal, that he had instilled more hope in him while he had the chance. Hope helps people get through what they never thought they could before and Atticus used it to get him through all the bad things that came along with the case and I feel he thinks that if he had bestowed that feeling onto Tom he might still be alive now.

    • Good blog. Although I had noticed hope, I didn’t see it as in-depth until you analyzed it. An interesting thought you put forth was how Tom might still be alive had Atticus instilled hope into him. Nice analysis, and again great job.

    • You did an amazing job Ryan! I like how you went really in-depth on your topic of hope. Keep up the good work! 🙂

  10. After reading chapters 24-26 I noticed a simple piece of text that seemed to summarize what happened at the court trial. How could this be so, I wondered, as I read Mr. Underwood’s editorial. Senseless killing — Tom had been given due process of law to the day of his death; he had been tried openly and convicted by twelve good men and true; my father had fought for him all the way. Then Mr. Underwood’s meaning became clear: Atticus had used every tool available to free men to save Tom Robinson, but in the secret courts of men’s hearts Atticus had no case. Tom was a dead man the minute Mayella Ewell opened her mouth and screamed.”
    This brief editorial is saying all that is needed to be said. Atticus tried as hard as he could; but, in the end the nothing he said could change the mind of the jury. It is as if the moment the jury found out about the case they chose a side and could not be persuaded from it. We read how it says as soon as Mayella screamed, Tom Robinson was dead. Even though he didn’t do anything men in this time period are over protective of their so-called vulnerable women. Everyone in that room new their was unmistakable evidence showing that Mayella was lying; but, those people didn’t care. Tom Robinson was basically an example of the social differences between African-Americans and people with white skin. At the end of the day it doesn’t matter what is said, it only matters about skin color.

  11. Throughout the book, To Kill A Mockingbird, youth has been seen as a constant theme. From Scout being called a little girl to chapter 26 when Scout and Jem were so called, too young to understand more things about Tom Robinson. The text states, “the adults in Maycomb never discussed the case with Jem and me; it seemed that they discussed it with their children, and their attitude must have been that neither of us could help having Atticus for a parent, so their children must be nice to us in spite of him. The children would never have thought that up for themselves: had our classmates been left to their own devices, Jem and I would have had several swift, satisfying fist-fights apiece and ended the matter for good. As it was, we were compelled to hold our heads high and be, respectively, a gentleman and a lady”. Here, Scout and Jem are both being told that they are young kids but when Scout says the last sentence she mentions a gentleman and lady. By doing that, the reader could think that Scout had her different views on herself and she felt as if she and Jem were old. When this was mentioned, I thought of being older more than just age, but it’s also experiences and lessons learned, so when when Scout depicted herself and Jem as a lady and gentlemen, she meant that she has been through a lot and experienced a lot. All in all, I think that youth plays a big role in To Kill A Mockingbird.

  12. “Why couldn’t I mash him?” I asked. “Because they don’t bother you,” Jem answered in the darkness.

    This is yet another symbol for African-Americans in this novel. However, this time they are represented by a roly-poly, not a mockingbird. Roly-polys are similar to mockingbirds in this novel, as they are both represented as innocent and harmless. Black people are treated unfairly for actions they never did. Tom Robinson clearly did not r.ape Mayella, yet he was declared guilty. Atticus’s teachings and beliefs impacted Jem’s. When Jem tells Scout not to hurt the roly-poly, Jem’s understanding to not “kill” those who don’t harm you is shown. As we talked about in class today, Atticus is proud that Jem is growing up with similar beliefs, and the way he sees African-Americans. Jem’s character proves that your moral universe impacts your beliefs as you grow up.

    • This is absolutely right. This is a another example of imagery that can be put up on the posters. Good job Ellie!

    • Huh, never saw this scene as related to African Americans, but now that you point it out, I see that it fits in very well. Nice blog.

  13. I know that a lot of people have already talked about this, but I think it was important. Or, it was at least interesting.

    I would like to discuss Miss Gates, Hitler, and the trial.

    Recently in class, the students were s opposed to be reading the newspaper and presenting what they read to the class. One student presented what he read about Adolf Hitler and what he was doing to the Jews. The child, from what I understood, didn’t quite grasp what was actually happening, but still presented as if he knew exactly what he was talking about. Miss Gates ended up having a lesson on this, and showed the class just how much she didn’t like Hitler and what he was doing. She said that it wasn’t right for him to do what he was doing to the Jews. Yet after the Robinson v. Ewell case, Scout heard her talking, and said that it wasn’t right for Robinson and Atticus to come in there and try to win. She said that it wasn’t supposed to be that way, yet she is arguing that it is unfair that Hitler is targeting Jews because of their religion. She is telling people that you can’t judge someone based on what you see, but rather who they are. But she is being racist! Just plain stupidity on hr part.

    I very much dislike hypocrites

  14. In Chapters 24-26, we read about how Tom Robinson is killed. Also, we read about more on how Scout and Jem develop as characters. We follow them as they grow up and we can obviously see a major difference to when they were small innocent children to when they are growing up and seeing the real naked truth about the world around them. When Aunt Alexandra holds the “tea party”, Scout wears a dress, an article of clothing she obviously detests; however, underneath the dress she is still has her trousers on. I feel that this symbolizes as Scout grows up, she is fulfilling that title of being a lady and a woman essentially. However, having those trousers underneath symbolizes that true part of Scout that makes her the girl she is.

    When Scout attempts to smush the roly poly, Jem says, “Because they don’t bother you,” Jem answered in the darkness.
    When Jem says not to kill the bug, we see the real growth and impact the Tom Robinson case has had on Jem. The case showed Jem that, like the mockingbird, like Tom, the roly poly has done nothing wrong to neither Scout in this case, and in the the community’s case, Tom has done nothing wrong.

    I wonder if Jem will become a laywer like his father to protect the people who need to be defended and protected.

    • Wow!! Good idea of symbolism with Scout’s trousers. Maybe Jem saying not to squish the bug and Atticus saying not to kill a mockingbird are more than similar, maybe they are the same thing.

  15. In these following chapters, we have learned quite a few shocking events. It’s shocking that Robinson had died when trying to escape(although it was spoiled during class), and Mrs. Gates brings up some intriguing discussions. What I really want to discuss in class is equality.Mrs. Gate was comparing America and Germany, on how we have a democracy, where everyone has equal rights, while Germany had a dictatorship, where everyone followed a certain leader, which at that time was Adolf Hitler. Mrs. Gates had said that we are different since we had “equal rights for all,” but that really wasn’t true. It is true that our country was supposedly based on a democracy, but that is not at all true. Just like the difference between Nazis and Jews, black people also suffered prejudice. No matter what the government says, the whites still has more rights and power over blacks. The symbol yin and yang shows a great representation of that. If there was more yang than yin, there would be no balance, just like if there were more white people than black people, there would be no balance of power in the government. I’d also want to discuss on the viewpoints of the children. Like in the olweus we were shown this morning, the kids listened to what they were hearing and eventually started believing it too, like how Scout without the influence of Jem started to try to act more like a lady. I believe that our class discussion will definitely be interesting.

  16. These chapters (24, 25 and 26), in my opinion, contain the single most important and monumental passage of text. “Mr. Underwood simply figured it was a sin to kill cripples, be they standing, sitting, or escaping. He likened Tom’s death to the senseless slaughter of songbirds by hunters and children, and Maycomb thought he was trying to write an editorial poetical enough to be reprinted in The Montgomery Advertiser” (Ch. 25) This seemed to me, to be the single most important passage in the text because it draws the connection between the mockingbird and Tom Robinson. This draws me to the imagery of birds, as many of the main characters have last names corresponding with those of birds. There is a connection, as Tom would clearly be the Mockingbird, The Finches, would, as the name suggests would be finches. We know for a fact the Finch family is very large, just as finches are very common. This leads me to the conclusion that, if the Ewells were to correspond with a bird, they would be bluejays. This is because Atticus tells the children that is fine if they shoot bluejays, as they are mean and tend to harm gardens, however it is a sin to kill a Mockingbird, as they only make music for us to listen to. The birds, however, have a much larger role in the story. Atticus, I must mention is a sharpshooter, and yet he only uses his talent when he needs to, such as with the rabid dog. This all ties together, because Atticus, in a court of law, is a political sharpshooter, and yet he only uses his abilities when he needs to, when he knows that Tom needs defending. Not only this, but we know he would not try to convict a black man he knew was innocent, but he would work against the Ewells, the Bluejays. Atticus is a sharpshooter, but only uses his talent when he needs to, and knows it is a sin to kill a Mockingbird. Similarly, Atticus only uses his talent in the court when he needs to, and only on those guilty or worthy of defeat. My theory is that the two are connected. My theory is that the former is a symbol for the later.

  17. In chapters 24-26 of To Kill a Mockingbird by Harper Lee, I noticed how both the images of hope and death are shown through two characters; Tom Robinson and Mrs. Dubose. Both of them died, but the difference was that Mrs. Dubose died with hope, while Tom did not. Mrs. Dubose knew that she had a sickness, but she still fought her way through it. “‘It’s when you know you’re licked before you begin but you begin anyway and you see it through no matter what. You rarely win, but sometimes you do. Mrs. Dubose won, all ninety-eight pounds of her. According to her views, she died beholden to nothing and nobody.’”(149) Tom, on the other hand, gave up hope long before he should have. He knew he could not win the trial, but unlike Atticus, who was still willing to try to rattle the jury and connect to the people’s feelings of right and wrong, Tom gave up. “‘…the last thing he said to Atticus before they took him down to the prison camp was, ‘Good-bye, Mr. Finch, there ain’t nothin’ you can do now, so there ain’t no use tryin’.’ Calpurnia said Atticus told her that the day they to Tom to prison camp he just gave up hope.”(314) Tom didn’t even try to have any type of hope that he might get free. This is contrasted with Mrs. Dubose and Atticus. I’m not saying that Tom is now considered a bad person for giving up hope too early, but can you really blame him? He knew that he didn’t stand a chance, so why should he even try? I hope that none of the characters will later on have bitter feelings towards Tom’s choice to give up. He just thought that there was no more hope left for him.

  18. In case no one else has said it, before I really go into my blog, chapters 24-26 make reference to the motif of birds, and also confirms that mockingbirds did stand for Tom Robinson. “He likened Tom’s death to the senseless slaughter of songbirds by hunters and children, and Maycomb thought he was trying to write an editorial poetical enough to be reprinted in The Montgomery Advertiser,” (p. 323). (Emphasis on songbirds.) It also is kind of like what Emils said in class, about birds being targets (“slaughter of songbirds by hunters”). Additionally, Mr. Underwood also said that “…it was a sin to kill cripples, be they standing, sitting, or escaping,” (p. 323). It confirms that Robinson is represented by a mockingbird, because it was a sin to kill Tom Robinson because he was a cripple, and it is a sin to kill a mockingbird, therefore Tom Robinson is representant of a mockingbird.

    Jem was suddenly furious. He leaped off the bed, grabbed me by the collar and shook me. “I never wanta hear about that courthouse again, ever, ever, you hear me? You hear me? Don’t you ever say one word to me about it again, you hear? Now go on!”
    (p. 331)

    This quote really surprised me. I saw a side of Jem that I had never seen before. The problem is, I don’t really know what that side is. I’m somewhat sure that this is the first time that we’ve seen Jem get truly angry at Scout. Why was he so sensitive about the topic of the Tom Robinson case? Was he traumatized? I mean, it is possible, considering the fact that he was really upset when the verdict was guilty. But that seems like a while ago. A couple months, at least. More likely that he was traumatized by Tom Robinson being killed. But still, if he was upset about that part, why was he so touchy about the courthouse? Either way, I was confused by Jem’s sudden reaction. It’s hard to believe that the case would somehow affect him that deeply. Atticus says later that, “When he was able to think about it, Jem would be himself again,” (p. 323). To be honest, if that’s true, then I hope that Jem figures this out soon. I kind of miss the old Jem.

  19. OK, pause for a second. Here is Scout who seems to stand up for herself in every way possible. Always surprising, but usually in a good way. For example, she attends the trials, which is mature and shows interest. It’s surprising but it leads us the conclusion that she wants to help people African Americans and believes they deserve rights. Another surprise to the community is that she isn’t a racist. Obviously, this is another good surprise that we greatly appreciate. Scout not being a racist and showing interest in law are two pieces of evidence that would suggest that she wants to be a sort of civil rights leader. But now, here she is, saying she wants none of that. No, she instead wants to be a lady. What? Where did that come from? Did I miss a huge part of this novel? The idea of Scout being a simple woman and not a person to take a sand is almost unthinkable. This is a topic I’d like to discuss in class, because maybe she was joking but I couldn’t tell.

    • This is such a great post, and it was strange when she said that she wanted to be a lady when being a lawyer would suit her best. I think she said it because it felt like something that was appropriate to say in front of the other women. Or maybe Scout is changing.

    • Thank you, Matt. Everybody is talking about the scene with Hitler and how it affected Scout. Not that that’s a bad thing, but I liked how you took a step back and addressed just Scout.

  20. In chapter 25, specifically on page 323, there were a few interesting things that saw that I’d like to mention. In the top paragraph, we get a description of how Mr. Underwood writes, and it states that he writes in a style so that child could understand. This shows that the town “breeds” and rears their children to be accustomed to society’s ways. Or maybe he writes in an easy style so that blacks can read his articles due to their lack of education. Then it says that Mr. Underwood likened Tom’s death to the senseless slaughter of songbirds. This could mean that Mr. Underwood thinks that Tom Robinson shouldn’t have been punished like that for trying to escape, or that he was innocent in the first place. And at the bottom of page 323, Mr. Ewell said that Tom’s death made one man down and about two more to go. What could this mean? Maybe Mr. Ewell had put the guards up to finding a way to kill Tom. And who could the two other men be that Mr. Ewell wants dead. I was also wondering if it counts as lynching if a group of policemen killed someone, similar to Tom’s situation. I don’t think that it counts as lynching, because escaping fro prison is obviously not allowed.

  21. In chapter 24-27 the most fascinating part of the chapters was when Hitler was being taught in class. Mrs. Gates the teacher said that she hated and was against Hitler because of his prejudice towards Jews. She said, “That’s the difference between America and Germany. We are a democracy and Germany is a dictatorship. Dictator-ship,” she said. “Over here we don’t believe in persecuting anybody. Persecution comes from people who are prejudiced. Prejudice,” She said that no one doesn’t believes in prejudice , but yet almost everyone in Maycomb is racist against black people. Black people are no different than the Jews, they are both people who can contribute. This can bring the assumption that white people in Maycomb don’t even think of black people as people. Making them almost brainwashed to be racist and hate all of them. All in all Maycomb clearly doesn’t realise itself of being racist.

  22. Chapters 24-25 were pretty eventful. The most striking passage to me was when Tom Robinson got shot and killed. “‘They shot him,’ said Atticus. ‘He was running. It was during their exercise
    period. They said he just broke into a blind raving charge at the fence and started climbing over. Right in front of them — ‘ ‘Didn’t they try to stop him? Didn’t they give him any warning?’ Aunt Alexandra’ s voice shook. ‘Oh yes, the guards called to him to stop. They fired a few shots in the air, then to kill. They got him just as he went over the fence. They said if he’d had two good arms he’d have made it, he was moving that fast. Seventeen bullet holes in him.
    They didn’t have to shoot him that much. Cal, I want you to come out with me
    and help me tell Helen.’” Honestly, I was upset but wasn’t surprised. Atticus kept saying to the children that they didn’t have to worry because nothing will happen to Tom. For some reason that felt like foreshadowing. Now that he was apparently guilty, he was in a lot of danger. If he didn’t get shot, he probably would have gotten lynched soon after. It is so unfortunate and it isn’t right that Tom had to suffer. I see the theme of death through the novel. Death is your final event in life, and it is mentioned a lot. From the death of the mad dog, to the death of Tom Robinson, death makes an impact on the lives of the community. I hope things get better from here, because Atticus has done so much, and it feels like it isn’t making a difference.

  23. “‘They shot him,’ said Atticus. ‘He was running. It was during their exercise
    period. They said he just broke into a blind raving charge at the fence and started climbing over. Right in front of them — ‘ ‘Didn’t they try to stop him? Didn’t they give him any warning?’ Aunt Alexandra’ s voice shook. ‘Oh yes, the guards called to him to stop. They fired a few shots in the air, then to kill. They got him just as he went over the fence. They said if he’d had two good arms he’d have made it, he was moving that fast. Seventeen bullet holes in him.They didn’t have to shoot him that much. Cal, I want you to come out with meand help me tell Helen.’” In chapter 24, Tom Robinson, as showed above, was said to have been shot while trying to escape prison, supposedly. Scout then goes on to say that there is always some irresponsible and dumb n***** in every one of them, and how everyone expected a black person to do something dumb like that. This in combination with the 17 bullet holes strikes me as suspicious. The prison guard’s duty is to keep all the prisoners alive and in the jail. If they had already shot him 10 times, he probably wan’t moving fast at that point, really eliminating the need for another seven. The story seems a little ‘too good to be true’, given the values of these people, proven in the trial of Tom Robinson. Especially if he was in a prison in a more rural area. As pointed out by Mr. Enwright, I believe Tom was lynched. It was very common for a black man, accused of basically anything, to be taken out of jail and lynched before the trial. But this was after the trial where he almost had a chance of being free. This would infuriate the country folk, and I wouldn’t be surprised if the prison guards themselves lynched him too.

  24. A lot of things happened in chapters twenty-four through twenty-six, and here is a passage that was very interesting to me, “The handful of people in this town who say that fair play is not marked White Only; the handful of people who say fair trial is for everybody, not just us; the handful of people with enough humility to think, when they look at a Negro, there but for the Lord’s kindness am I.” Miss Maudie’s old crispness was returning: “The handful of people with background, that’s who they are.” This goes back to Scout understanding the meaning of background. Based on this, I do not think that background is just your plain family tree, I think that it is something else, something that shows you who you are, shows how you have changed, that is what I think background is. With this quote, Miss Maudie talks about people who are actually good, and look past discrimination, and they fight for what they think is right, and what is right, and don’t care about what other people think of them when they do this. They is true bravery, and true courage.

  25. Chapters 24-26 were quite eventful, but I found the scene involving Alexandra’s congregation of Maycomb ladies the most interesting. They were interesting because all of the ladies had very hypocritical opinions and many supposedly innocent comments. Some of these comments and opinions were aimed at Scout, such as, “‘Don’t you want to grow up to
    be a lawyer?’…’Nome, just a lady.’…’Well, you won’t get very far until you start wearing dresses more often.’ Miss Maudie’s hand closed tightly on mine, and I said nothing. Its warmth was enough.” (pg 308) This is just another example of people trying to push being “ladylike” onto Scout, even though she has always spoken against the idea of it, up until now. Another interesting thing about this quote is that when Miss Maudie puts her hand on Scout’s, Scout seems to relax. This further proves that Scout has a special relationship with her, and that Miss Maudie is good at reading Scout’s mood, because she was able to see that Miss Stephanie’s comment had made her uncomfortable and annoyed. An example of the ladies’ hypocritical opinions is when Mrs. Merriweather talked about the “sin and squalor” that Tom Robinson’s family lives in. This is proved untrue in chapter 25, when Jem tells Scout about the trip to Helen Robinson’s. The way that the cabin is described by Jem is nothing like how Mrs. Merriweather describes it. Jem says that the cabin was, in fact, small, but the children were happy and appeared to be healthy, like when they were playing a game and one of the younger girls came to the door smiling, wearing tiny pigtails with bows (which is an adorable image, especially when Atticus gave her his finger and helped her down the steps). Mrs. Merriweather, on the other hand, made their home seem dirty and poverty stricken. No doubt that they were certainly not wealthy, but the happy children showed that they were just fine in areas besides economically. This is a prime example of white people greatly distorting the lives of black people, for example how they viewed them as impure and less a person than themselves. Mrs. Merriweather took her own prejudices and her small knowledge of the lives of the Robinsons, and used them to make the family seem so much less of what they really are.

    • Of course, after I post this, I realize that I completely misunderstood the text and see that the “Mrunas” that Mrs. Merriweather is talking about aren’t actually the Robinsons. :/

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