“Miss Jean Louise, stand up. Your father’s passin’.”

Tonight please read chapters 20 and 21 of To Kill a Mockingbird.   Then write your response.  Please consider the following questions:

  • What passage or passages strike you as interesting or singular and why?
  • What topics do you want to discuss with the class tomorrow?
  • Why do you think these topics may generate interesting discussion?

As always, please use standard written English in your comment and respond to at least one other comment in this thread.

Two reminders:  Keep annotating and review those flash cards!  Make sure you quiz yourself each and every night, once or twice on the words.  If you do, you are sure to ace the vocabulary section of our Mockingbird assessment.

TKM blog #10

45 thoughts on ““Miss Jean Louise, stand up. Your father’s passin’.”

  1. The end of the Robinson v. Ewell case has passed. And just like everyone knew, Robinson is guilty, even though he is truly innocent.

    I don’t find this very interesting or surprising, rather I just wanted to reflect on it.

    If there hadn’t been any racism in the town, then Robinson would have been found innocent. Atticus already knew that he was going to lose the case no matter how hard he tried to win. That was just the way it was on a black against white legal argument, the black always lost no matter how innocent he is, or how guilty the other person is. And that is what happened here. Robinson was clearly innocent, especially since he didn’t even have a useful left arm and the claims that the Ewell’s had were that of Ms. Ewell having marks around her whole neck, when Robinson couldn’t even use his left arm. It was obvious that Mr. Ewell was the real attacker, yet Tom got convicted for something that he wasn’t and hadn’t wanted to be apart of.

    Even though Atticus lost, he got what he wanted to get done done. Judging by how long it took for the jury to come to a decision even though they knew that they were going to claim guilty, Atticus succeeded in making them think. Atticus being the lawyer and strait foreward man he is, knew he would lose and so only wanted to make an impression and make the people of Maycomb County think about what was happening and see why it was wrong. He succeeded in this, and that is what matters. It’s a small step. But it’s a step none the less.

    • Good job, Remy. I agree that Atticus had done what he had come to do. He may not have won, but he still left an impression about racism.

  2. I think Atticus’s speech was paticularly interesting, there was so motivated and passionate. He gave his heart and soul into the trial, and it felt almost desperate. He was begging the jury to hear him out and see the truth and see the light. I think Jem’s reaction was also extremely important. He cried and broke down when he fount Tom was convicted, I think when that happened, Jem’s character started to become fully realized. He was so distraught and he and Scout saw real racial injustice. Atticus’s teachings finally got through to Jem and he was free from Maycomb’s evil way of thinking. I had a similar reaction to Jem, where I couldn’t even believe it, I had hope that Harper Lee would do a twist and have Tom win it. But unfortunatley, he didn’t, when he clearly should’ve. Hopefully there’s another way for Tom but he probably won’t get the justice he deserves. This also adds to the theme of justice.

    • I agree with you completely Maya as I actually wrote my response on a similar topic. You did a great job Maya, it’ll be very enjoyable to be able discuss this topic in class.

  3. A very important passage in chapter 20-21 was mostly all of chapter 20. Throughout this chapter, Atticus is in the courtroom and he is addressing the case. But one very specific part of the chapter is when Atticus starts talking about the case itself and how any man or woman would know that Tom Robinson is not guilty by looking at the proof. Even with this information, he will still be awaiting a decision. What he’s saying is that because of his skin color people don’t want to see the truth only what they want to believe. “This case is as simple as black and white” (page 271) this could be seen as Atticus saying that this is an easy case to see the verdict, but along with that it’s also saying that it’s a matter of black and white as in skin tone. It’s important that this was put into the novel because he doesn’t just say this to some people, he says it to the entire courtroom and it shows the characterization of Atticus. Atticus is going to stand up for what he believes in no matter what. Throughout this entire case he has received hate for caring so much about a black man and not just letting him get convicted. Atticus is the kind of person who won’t back down no matter what anyone says and he doesn’t care what people think. So, him saying this to everyone adds to how he doesn’t care about others opinions of him just his own.

    • Intriguing article! I never noticed how he was saying that the case only matters on whether you’re black, or you’re white. Keep up the good work!

  4. Tonights reading, chapters 20-21 of To Kill a Mockingbird were fascinating, and in them we find out the results of the case. One scene that I found particularly interesting was when Atticus leaves the courtroom, as the case closes. After Tom Robinson is found guilty, Atticus makes a quick exit from the courtroom. Scout observes this stating, “Atticus took his coat off the back of his chair and pulled it over his shoulder. Then he left the courtroom, but not by his usual exit. He must have wanted to go home the short way, because he walked quickly down the middle aisle toward the south exit….He did not look up.” (page 283). It is clear here that Atticus is not pleased with the outcome of the case. Although he knew he had no chance of winning the case, and that Tom Robinson would surely be convicted, he tried the bet he could, but it was just not enough. When leaving the courtroom, he passes Scout and Jem on the courtroom balcony, where they are sitting with the African-American people. When passing, Scout states, “I was reluctant to take my eyes from the people below us, and from the image of Atticus’s lonely walk down the aisle. I looked around. They were standing. All around us and in the balcony on the opposite wall, the Negroes were getting to their feet. Reverend Sykes’s voice was as distant as Judge Taylor’s: ‘Miss Jean Louise, stand up. Your father’s passin‘.’” (page 283 ). Here, we see how the black people of Maycomb county treat Atticus and the FInches by extension. When Atticus passes by, all of the people on the balcony stand up and show him utmost respect. It seems that although they have just lost the case, they still feel they need to give Atticus what he deserves. They feel that he did his job, not in winning the case, but in trying to. Although him winning was purely impossible, he tried as hard as possible, and he dedicated himself to the case. For that, they feel, he deserves appreciation.

    One question I have after the reading is, where is the plot going? The case, which seemed to be the climax and focal point of the novel, is over. How will the plot continue? I believe that the plot may focus again on the court case, however in a higher level court. There is some evidence of this as Atticus states, “I intend to jar the jury a bit — I think we’ll have a reasonable chance on appeal, though.” (page 117). Is it possible that Scout and Jem will witness a victory from there father and for Tom Robinson once the case is appealed? This may be the case, however it is anyone’s guess. Harper Lee could take this story in any possible way. Going into the next few chapters, it will be interesting to see how the story plays out, as well as the aftermath of the case.

  5. In these two chapters, 20 and 21, the case finally ends. As we knew, Tom Robinson was convicted, even though he was, in fact, really innocent. I found Atticus’s closing statement the interesting part of the chapters. His closing statement showed how much time, effort, and thought he had put into the case. Atticus actually cared about the case, and Tom. In class, we talked about how if a different person took the case, he wouldn’t really care for Tom, or the case. Also, we talked about how the town is shocked by Atticus’s attitude toward the case. If Atticus didn’t put his heart into the case, people wouldn’t hate him as much. But Atticus, being Atticus, didn’t care about what people thought about him, and actually tried. He wanted to make an impact on the jury, and I think that his final statement showed that.

    • I like what you said on how Atticus didn’t care about what other people thought of him as long as he was doing the right thing. Overall, you gave a great summery of the text and a concise analysis of what we learned or was reemphasized throughout these two chapters.

  6. There is one passage that is very motivational and that I am sure other people will write about.

    “The state has not produced one iota of medical evidence to the effect that the
    crime Tom Robinson is charged with ever took place. It has relied instead upon
    the testimony of two witnesses whose evidence has not only been called into
    serious question on cross-examination, but has been flatly contradicted by the
    defendant. The defendant is not guilty, but somebody in this courtroom is.
    “I have nothing but pity in my heart for the chief witness for the state, but my pity
    does not extend so far as to her putting a man’s life at stake, which she has done
    in an effort to get rid of her own guilt.

    “What was the evidence of her offense? Tom Robinson, a human being. She must
    put Tom Robinson away from her. Tom Robinson was her daily reminder of what
    she did. What did she do? She tempted a Negro.”
    This is part of Atticus’s speech to the jury about defending Tom Robinson. Throughout this speech Atticus says that Mayella is only blaming Tom Robinson because she made a mistake and this is how she thinks she can escape punishment. Atticus also mentions that Tom Robinson’s only crime is being colored in a town in which colored people aren’t approved of. This court shows us that African-Americans are apparently below the law. The phrase everyone is equal before the law clearly does not apply in this case. Even with evidence backing Tom Robinson’s innocence the jury doesn’t care. However, some people do care. On the chapter after those people donate atticus food in appreciation on what he did and acknowledgement that he couldn’t have done better. Atticus was correct in the beginning. He knew he would lose, but he also said he would attempt to rattle the jury. In that sense he succeeded. We read that while the town was waiting for the jury to decide the verdict, the entire town was silent as if at church. All of those townsfolk learned a lesson just as enlightening as if they went to church. Even if the jury still voted that Tom Robinson was guilty Atticus’s words touched everyone. Overall, even though Atticus didn’t win the case he instructed the townspeople on racism and did all he could do. Atticus can rest soundly knowing he made an impact on this community and Tom Robinson always has a chance for appealing the court’s decision.

  7. “Miss Jean Louise?”
    I looked around. They were standing. All around us and in the balcony on the
    opposite wall, the Negroes were getting to their feet. Reverend Sykes’s voice was
    as distant as Judge Taylor’s:
    “Miss Jean Louise, stand up. Your father’s passin‘.”
    Chapters 20-21 highlight the final ending of the nerve-wracking case. The most striking passage to me occurs at the end, where the jury casts their final verdict. First of all, you could probably infer that Tom Robinson had lost, from Scout’s observation and the clues given. “A jury never looks at a defendant it has convicted, and when this jury came in, not one of them looked at Tom Robinson.” Upon gaining the knowledge of the jury’s decision, Atticus unconventionally chooses to leave the court through the middle aisle instead of his usual exit. Then, all the African-Americans on the balconies stood up. I find this interesting since it represents the respect and thanks they feel towards Atticus. Although he still had failed, Atticus had tried his best to reveal the effect of racism and prejudice on how they thought of colored people back then. He had attempted to show the world that not all black people “lie, are immoral, and not to be trusted around women”. All the African-Americans had seen this, and feel beholden to him. Even Scout is told to stand up for her father by Reverend Sykes. I also wonder why Atticus chose to take a different exit. “Atticus took his coat off the back of his chair and pulled it over his shoulder. Then he left the courtroom, but not by his usual exit. He must have wanted to go home the sort way, because he walked quickly down the middle aisle toward the south exit.” I have a feeling that he didn’t want to attract so much attention. Atticus does not seem like the type of man that would want people to worship him. I would like to discuss this case further tomorrow, since it is such a large point in the story. As the climax in the story, it is also the most exciting.

    • Great job! I like how you went into detail about the fact the all the blacks stood up when Atticus went by. I also think it shows a sign of respect towards him. 🙂

  8. The trial of Tom Robinson’s alleged r ape finally case to a close in chapters 20-21. Wrongly, but not surprisingly, Robinson was found guilty and will be lynched. Most people in the whole town knew that this would be the outcome of the case, including Atticus. But, Atticus still decided to give it his all to try to win the case, and make sure that everybody knew the truth. Another interesting part of this whole case is the actions of Jem. Jem continously gets more hopeful of Atticus and Robinson winning the case, but in the end, he is extremely dissappointed. But, Scout already knows that Robinson will be convicted, and she has the knowledge and does not become hopeful. While Jem is the one who says that Scout is too young to understand what is happening, it is really Jem who is the oblivious person. Going back to Atticus, it really seems that he is giving it his all for a case that he knew was doomed from the start. Atticus’s real goal is to probably tell all the people the truth, even though the truth will not be told in the ruling of the case. Atticus also wants to make steps in getting equal treatment of blacks and whites, and though Robinson will still be lynched, in the future, his efforts alongside other lawyers efforts may build up into a black person finally winning a case against a white person.

  9. In chapters 20-21 of To Kill a Mockingbird by Harper Lee, many fascinating and significant events take place. First and foremost, Mr. Dolphus Raymond reveals that he is drinking from a paper sack. This was thought to be alcohol, but once Dill was offered some, it was confirmed that the drink was Coca-Cola. Mr. Raymond tells the Jem and Scout that he pretends to be a drunk to provide the other white people with an explanation for his lifestyle that he prefers black people to whites. I wonder why he tried to hide that, instead of accepting the fact that he liked black people. Next, Atticus delivers a very significant speech to give the reader hope that the case might not just be over yet, and that it may be appealed. In his speech, he mentions that there is no medical evidence, and only testimonies from two unreliable sources. Also, he further speaks by saying that the physical evidence proves that Bob Ewell, not Tom Robinson, beat Mayella and that she only accused him of r-a-p-e due to the fact that she was caught by her dad. Atticus pointed out that it was Mayella who committed the unmentionable act of lusting after a black man. Although Tom Robinson was convicted, I still have hope in Atticus to appeal and somehow win the case to add to the story. I also wonder how Tom could be convicted at this scene and put to death because there are still several chapters left.

  10. In tonight’s reading, we read chapters 20-21, where we read about the outcome of the case.
    We had obviously expected that Tom Robison wouldn’t come out of the case innocent. Atticus knew that they weren’t going to win but he was appointed to this case anyway. I have a feeling that the Judge purposefully appointed him to this case because he knew that Atticus cared for this case and he would try and make a step toward difference for the town and the society as a whole.

    Another character I would like to discuss is Mr. Raymond. He is a very unhappy character bringing the realness into the novel. I feel like he is the medium or the realest in the novel. He seems to be the only person who has no faith in this town, and isn’t fake, and knows the truth about the case. He obviously dismisses white people and prefers black people everyday. He unlike Scout is experienced and is old. He finds that the racist Maycomb is the real Maycomb. He thinks that no one can change especially Maycomb.

    “You haven’t seen enough of the world yet,…. you haven’t even seen this town, but all you gotta do is step back inside the courthouse.”

    The main difference between Atticus and Mr. Raymond is that Atticus has a hope for the town and believes it can change. Thats why, I feel like, Atticus is made to be the main protagonist in the novel.

    • Anjali, I like your comparison of Atticus and Mr. Raymond, and I agree that Mr. Raymond is one of the most truth-speaking people in this novel, especially when it comes to Maycomb’s racist opinions. Great response!

  11. Chapters 20 and 21 were very interesting. Atticus’s speech is probably the most important part of those chapters. “‘Which, gentlemen, we know is in itself a lie as black as Tom Robinson’s skin, a lie I do not have to point out to you. You know the truth, and the truth is this: some Negroes lie, some Negroes are immoral, some Negro men are not to be trusted around women — black or white. But this is a truth that applies to the human race and to no particular race of men. There is not a person in this courtroom who has never told a lie, who has never done an immoral thing, and there is no man living who has never looked upon a woman without desire.’” Atticus’s goal is not to win the case, but to tell the people of Maycomb county the truth. Colored people should not be blamed because of their skin color. The whole case is about Mayella not wanting to be a disgrace to women and making Tom Robinson a scapegoat because he is black. Tom Robinson is the mockingbird. He is the innocent, pure man. He only helps Mayella. He never did anything wrong. It is a sin to kill Tom Robinson just like it is a sin to kill a Mockingbird. Not only black people have problems. Everyone has problems. Atticus wanted to use the case as a way to get across the message: racism is bad. Not only might this influence other in Maycomb County, it influences Scout.

    • Great Blog! I think that you are right when you say Tom Robinson is the mockingbird because Tom will be put to death.

  12. As expected, Tom Robinson as found guilty. I was englightened thought. Not because Tom Ribinson was found guilty, but because it was impossible for him to commit the crime. And yet the jury still found him guilty. I knew that there was racism but I did not know that it was to this level. This made me angry because how could someone live with themselves after putting someone to death when you know that they could not have committed the crime. This has made it clear to me that the main theme of this book is racism. I don’t believe it’s something more complicated. We could go into this book a find that there’s lots of birds. And this helps us understand the book. But really the main point of this book was to show racism. I feel that even though Harper Lee was a little white girl and doesn’t include most of the parts of racism, this is enough to show the severity of it.

    • An interesting analysis, but I think that the birds that’s you put aside actually show racism in themselves. Perhaps killing a mockingbird is not only the sin in this case, but the sin of discrimination throughout time that’s been going on for thousands of years. Definitely something worth talking about in class!

    • I think we all knew that Tom Robinson was going to be proven guilty, even though there is no way he could have committed a crime. I also feel angry about this, and I agree that racism is a big part of this novel.

      • I agree, Ellie. In my mind, there was no conceivable way that Tom could have made it out being innocent, although he was. Without a doubt, Tom Robinson was innocent, yet because he was black and had such an accusation, he had to be punished. It is unfair and racist, yet there was no way he could have been proven innocent by a jury of all white men in 1930’s Alabama.

  13. Chapters 20-21 conclude Tom Robinson’s case, and he is “found” guilty. Not very surprising, but it still pains me to think about a young, respectful man being sentenced to death because of the way he looks. Obviously, the title of this novel makes sense now. But what could possibly be the mindset of the jury in deciding the case outcome? It’s a thought that doesn’t have a simple answer. Could there be a “filter” over there eyes, making them see Tom Robinson’s guilty no matter what case was made? Or did Atticus convince them enough to have them rethink themselves, until realizing that they have to convict him or they’ll be the outcasts or the community forever. While reading Atticus’s glorious speech, I was convinced for a second that there would be justice. That his speech would touch the jury in a similar manner that it did to me. What could possibly be going through their mind as they decide the case? Satisfaction, or regret?

  14. It was Jem’s turn to cry. His face was streaked with angry tears as we made our way through the cheerful crowd. “It ain’t right,” he muttered, all the way to the corner of the square where we found Atticus waiting. Atticus was standing under
    the street light looking as though nothing had happened: his vest was buttoned, his collar and tie were neatly in place, his watch-chain glistened, he was his impassive self again.
    “It ain’t right, Atticus,” said Jem.
    “No son, it’s not right.”
    We walked home.

    Jem’s maturity and growth can be clearly seen through this passage. He seems to have grown to be just like Atticus, believing that all people must have equal opportunities and how everyone should be treated the same way, no matter their skin color. Jem also seems to be very angry on how society works, and that is definitively a quality Jem developed over time. Atticus’s composure is also seen through this passage. Even though he lost the case, and knows it is unfair, he stays calm and does not try to argue.

  15. In chapters 20-21 of To Kill a Mockingbird by Harper Lee, Tom Robinson was declared guilty. Jem was so sure that Robinson would be found innocent, and when he heard the final decision, he and Scout were very upset. Both children went against the way things were. They knew deep inside that Robinson would be found guilty, but they refused to accept it even though they knew it was true. Jem and Scout, along with everyone else in the courtroom, knew that it was wrong to declare Robinson guilty, but they did it anyway because they knew that was the way things were. “Jem smiled. ‘He’s not supposed to lean, Reverend, but don’t fret, we’ve won it,’ he said wisely. ‘Don’t see how any jury could convict on what we heard-’ ‘Now don’t you be so confident, Mr. Jem. I ain’t ever seen any jury decide in favor of a colored man over a white man…’ But Jem took exception to Reverend Sykes…”(279) I’m sure that deep down, Jem knew how hopeless the case was, and that the black man had no chance of being declared innocent. That didn’t stop him and Scout from being in shock and fury when Tom Robinson really was proclaimed guilty. This is a small show of appearance vs. reality. Robinson appears to be innocent, but in reality, that could never happen because there was no such thing as an innocent black that was convicted for a crime.

  16. As Jem grows up, he starts to realize more and more things about his world that changed his moral universe. He realizes that Maycomb County was not the perfect little town that he had thought it was. He had grown only thinking of Boo Radley as the only odd one out of their town, when, in fact, there are several odd ones out. He seems to understand why Boo Radley possibly doesn’t come out: unlike Mr. Dolphus Raymond, he was afraid to be judged, discriminated, and despised because of his title in society. Everything Jem had believed in started to tear apart. His dad isn’t who he thought he knew, there suddenly seems to be no kind of equality, and people are being treated unfairly because they aren’t like them. Hopefully, these events will affect what he will do in the future, and for the good.

  17. Chapters 20-22 really hit me. For some reason, I thought Tom Robinson and Atticus were going to win the case, because it was so obvious he wasn’t guilty. However, every jury member agreed he was guilty, and this made me so upset. Tom is a great man, worker, and friend. He has a family and a whole life ahead of him. Jem was the same as me, he felt like Atticus had this one in the bag because all signs pointed to Mayella lying about the whole thing. I mean come on, Tom only has one working arm. It is physically impossible for him to have wrapped his hands around her neck and choke her. I shut my eyes. “Judge Taylor was polling the jury: ‘Guilty. . . guilty. . . guilty. . . guilty. . .’ I peeked at Jem: his hands were white from gripping the balcony rail, and his shoulders jerked as if each ‘guilty’ was a separate stab between them.” This passage is significant because Jem is still young, and has always lived in a world where “fair is square” and things always work out.But for him and Scout, this is there first time seeing the unfairness. Nomatter what, if you have black skin and you allegedly harmed a white girl, you will automatically be guilty. Overall, these chapters kind of put me in a bad mood, so I hope it gets better from here.

    • Great job. I was also bothered by the case and I really wanted the jury to see that Tom was innocent not guilty. What also bothered me was the fact that they didn’t relate to the saying, “innocent until proven guilty”. If they took into account this saying, Tom would be with his family at home. Keep up the great work.

  18. When people hear of the word, title, in most situations, they think of the title as a name of a book, but a title is much more than that. A title could also refer to a name given. This example was illustrated in the fantastic novel, To Kill A Mockingbird, by Harper Lee. In chapters 20-21, the end of the case between Tom Robinson, a colored man, and Mayella. Throughout the case Tom earns the title of either innocent or guilty. In the end, Tom is crowned with the title of guilty, although we all know that he should be crowned the title of innocent. Another title that was given in these chapters was a little girl. Scout was given this name by Jem when Jem said that she wouldn’t understand the case because she was a little girl. When she was given this title she felt offended and so she got mad at Jem. Afterall, none of likes to be called a little girl. All in all, in chapters 20-21, we learned a lot about titles.
    Moving onward I have a couple of questions. These are:
    What happened to Boo Radley and are we going to see him again?
    Why is Atticus named Atticus? We discussed in class that it’s unique but I wonder if it might be more than that.
    Relating to Anjali’s past blogs, can it be that Dill sleeping in the courtroom considered childish?
    Finally, why would the jury convey Tom as guilty if they know he is innocent? Is it cause his ethnicity? What would happen if the jury wore blindfolds and then took on the case without knowing the color of both sides of the argument’s skin color? How would the results differ?

    • Interesting, good thoughts about titles. I do like your idea of the jury not being able to see the skin color of the defendant and prosecutor.

  19. In tonight’s reading, the most important passages were when Atticus was making his final claim in chapter 20. Atticus was making the point that Tom Robinson shouldn’t be judged differently because of his race. Sure, this is important to the case, but I think it is more important to Atticus’ character development. It shows how atticus isn’t like the rest of the town, he doesn’t discriminate against blacks. This makes Atticus a better rome model for Scout and Jem, and it adds to what we were talking about today in class about narrator Scout and character Scout. I think narrator Scout became more developed as a ‘person’ because of Atticus’ non-racism. I think that we can take the passages in many different directions, and would make a great discussion in class.

    • I like how you used Atticus’ beliefs to describe his development. I agree that seeing Atticus in court and how he shares his views with racism with the town really shows that he is courageous, and is very wise.

  20. “What was the evidence of her offense? Tom Robinson, a human being. She must put Tom Robinson away from her. Tom Robinson was her daily reminder of what she did. What did she do? She tempted a Negro.” (Ch. 20) This excerpt caught my eye because it noted on the racial division in Maycomb. It is almost considered a societal sin to make advances on a Black man, and because Mayella did so, she and her father feel immensely scared. Because her father, as well as herself, is scared, scared of what society would do to her, they charged Tom with r***. They knew that they could keep their reputation. This charge, caused mainly societal prejudice, societal prejudice could have been prevented had Mr. Ewell and others like him not created a divide between White and Black people. In the end, Mr. Ewell did not charge Tom with r***, society did.

  21. “Wh—oh yes, you mean why do I pretend? Well, it’s very simple,” he said. “Some folks don’t—like the way I live. Now I could say the hell with ‘em, I don’t care if they don’t like it. I do say I don’t care if they don’t like it, right enough— but I don’t say the hell with ’em, see?” …
    “I try to give ‘em a reason, you see. It helps folks if they can latch onto a reason. When I come to town, which is seldom, if I weave a little and drink out of this sack, folks can say Dolphus Raymond’s in the clutches of whiskey—that’s why he won’t change his ways. He can’t help himself, that’s why he lives the way he does.” …
    “It ain’t honest but it’s mighty helpful to folks. Secretly, Miss Finch, I’m not much of a drinker, but you see they could never, never understand that I live like I do because that’s the way I want to live.”
    (p. 268)

    I think that Mr. Dolphus Raymond might be one of the few wiser men in Maycomb. Here, he is teaching us that society may not always accept your decisions. Society may think of them as immoral, unethical, or just plain wrong. Mr. Raymond, though, doesn’t care what other people think, and does what he wants. However, he does something that no one else does. To avoid being cast out from society, or judged too harshly, he pretends that he’s drunk all the time. That way people won’t say, “Mr. Raymond? Oh, he’s a weird guy. Real nut job. He likes African-American women, and so he’ll never be respected by our society.” Instead, it’ll go something like this: “Mr. Raymond? You mean that alcoholic who lives down the street? Oh, he only behaves the way he does because he’s drunk all the time. I kinda feel sorry for him.” You see, Mr. Raymond gives the people a reason for why he does what he does, even if it’s false. The problem is, regular people don’t understand that African-American women are no different than white women. That’s why Raymond is always hiding the fact that that’s the way he wants to live. Anyway, the reason I said he was wise was because he knows that others don’t understand that that’s the way he wants to live, and when the people realize that there isn’t anything wrong with a white man liking an African-American woman (or vice versa), he can’t reveal his secret.

  22. Chapters 20-22 of To Kill A Mockingbird revealed the long awaited result of Tom Robinson’s case. As we expected, he was found guilty by the jury, even though it is completely obvious that he was, in fact, innocent. What I found so intriguing about these chapters, was when Mr. Raymond told Scout and Jem about the people of Maycomb and about how children are able to understand why he does what he does more than adults.

    “I try to give ‘em a reason, you see. It helps folks if they can latch onto a reason. When I come to town, which is seldom, if I weave a little and drink out of this sack, folks can say Dolphus Raymond’s in the clutches of whiskey — that’s why he won’t change his ways. He can’t help himself, that’s why he lives the way he does.”
    “It ain’t honest but it’s mighty helpful to folks. Secretly, Miss Finch, I’m not much of a drinker, but you see they could never, never understand that I live like I do because that’s the way I want to live.”
    “Because you’re children and you can understand it,” he said, “and because I heard that one — ” He jerked his head at Dill: “Things haven’t caught up with that one’s instinct yet. Let him get a little older and he won’t get sick and cry. Maybe things’ll strike him as being — not quite right, say, but he won’t cry, not when he gets a few years on him.” (pg 268-269)

    I find this an interesting point of view because Mr. Raymond is basically lying to the community about his ways, and the public then uses their own prejudices and thoughts to complete his story. Everyone in Maycomb thinks that Mr. Raymond is a drunk, even though he’s not, and they all think that’s why he acts the way he does; being around African Americans more than white people and even having children with a black woman. The character of Mr. Raymond is very straightforward and very truthful, because he plainly tells Scout and Dill about his ways, and about the community’s ways. His comment about children being able to understand him interests me, because he’s saying that since children haven’t completely grown up to see all of the adults’ prejudices, they have a more pure mindset, allowing them to be able to see the real reason of why Mr. Raymond acts the way he does. Perhaps this is another connection to purity in Maycomb, like mockingbirds or camellias?

  23. There were three passages from the chapters that we read tonight that made me think about the town of Maycomb, and the people that live in it.

    “…but the grown people sat as if they were in church. In the balcony, the Negroes sat and stood around us with biblical patience.” (pp. 280)

    “There is not a person in this courtroom who has never told a lie, who has never done an immoral thing, and there is no man living who has never looked upon a woman without desire.” (pp. 273)

    “They were all standing. All around us and in the balcony on the opposite wall, the Negroes were getting to their feet.” (pp. 283)

    I think that Harper Lee is stating that the town views cases like this like religion. To a person, religion is a way of life, it is what they study and practice. And the townspeople have racism and discrimination is like a religion to them. Racism isn’t in their religion, but Harper Lee might be trying to say that racism is something that people believe in, similar to the way people believe in religion. Atticus had said that no one in that courtroom was completely moral, and that is true. The racism in the novel is seen throughout, and Harper Lee has represented it many ways.

  24. In chapters twenty through twenty-two, we saw the end of the Robinson vs. Ewell case. This case was stressed as a typical conviction, because there was little to no possibility that the jury would have said that Tom Robinson was innocent, because he was black, and the jury was racist. All the evidence that Atticus has uncovered during this while trial clearly show Tom Robinson being completely innocent in this case. One passage that interested me is when the jury was pronouncing it’s verdict, and they all said that Tom Robinson was guilty. What really interested me about this was when Jem was so hopeful and invested so much energy and devotion to the fact that Atticus and Tom Robinson might win, that he really didn’t look at much of the facts. The jury was unjust, and Atticus provided substantial evidence to let Tom Robinson free, and this seemed to be a big shock to Jem because he cried angry tears, and was still angry the next morning. Bob Ewell even spit in Atticus’s face and was very angry at Atticus. But Miss Maudie’s brought up a Greta point that Atticus wasn’t randomly chosen, and he was assigned to this case for a specific reason he once said that he just wanted to rattle the jury. My question is, what is Harper Lee doing with this whole thing as an image conveying a certain message? What will happen to Atticus? Will Scout change her views and opinions on things she has seen and learned about during the time this case was presented? How did this affect Scout? I hope we can discuss this topic in class tomorrow and talk about these questions.

  25. In chapter 20 and 21 in To kill a mockingbird the case finally comes to a close and as expected Tom Robinson was found guilty. There is nothing surprising about this event due to the fact that Maycomb doesn’t see Black people as equals who should be treated fairly. Tom Robinson’s conviction is definitely not blamed on Atticus however. All the evidence Atticus brought forth did in fact prove that Tom Robinson was actually innocent.Even the blacks in the courtroom sood up when Atticus walked by them. ‘I looked around. They were standing. All around us and in the balcony on the opposite wall, the Negroes were getting to their feet. Reverend Sykes voice was
    as distant as Judge Taylor’s:“Miss Jean Louise, stand up. Your father’s passin‘.”They were clearly showing Atticus the appreciation and respect he deserves for taking this case If the town wasn’t so racist then maybe Tom Robinson wouldn’t be convicted. As I expected this event to occur I was hoping that Harper Lee would have added an unexpecting twist and make the Jury find Tom innocent. Unfortunately that did not happen. A part about these two chapters that i found fascinating was both Jem and Atticus reactions to the verdict. Jem straight up sobbed when Tom Robinson was found guilty which was ironic since he was the one who told Scout that she wouldn’t understand the case. Through this action we can also see a true nature of tenderness in Jem. Atticus was probably mad at himself for losing the case. He had no reason to however because he wasn’t aiming to win because he knew that wasn’t possible. Maybe Atticus saw hope that there was a possibility to win and did more than he was planning to do to make this happen. Which it did not. One main question I have is how is the plot going to keep on going since the novel is basically based on the Tom Robinson case.

  26. in the chapters 20-22, nothing significant other than the verdicts happens. The jury, as everyone had expected from the start, had found Tom guilty. Even though he expected it from the start, Atticus was a little discouraged at this. It would appear that Atticus was actually holding onto hope of finding Tom innocent. It is clear as to why though. There is an overwhelming amount of evidence suggesting not only that Tom is innocent, but that Mr. Ewell had actually beaten her after seeing her try to kiss Tom. It is hard to tell, though, whether the jury even felt anything. It just shows how strictly people followed this idea that black people are second-class citizens, and that no matter what, a black man would be convicted of any single thing that he had done wrong (that is, if he isn’t lynched beforehand). The jury likely just saw this case as a play that played out in front of them. Mere entertainment before following standard and expected conduct.

  27. “I never heard tell that it’ s against the law for a citizen to do his utmost to prevent
    a crime from being committed, which is exactly what he did, but maybe you’ll
    say it’s my duty to tell the town all about it and not hush it up. Know what’d
    happen then? All the ladies in Maycomb includin‘ my wife’d be knocking on his
    door bringing angel food cakes. To my way of thinkin’, Mr. Finch, taking the one
    man who’s done you and this town a great service an‘ draggin’ him with his shy
    ways into the limelight — to me, that’s a sin. It’s a sin and I’m not about to have it
    on my head. If it was any other man, it’d be different. But not this man, Mr.
    Finch.”
    Our journey throughout this story has finally come to an end. A passage that struck me as I finished up the book is when Heck Tate and Atticus are arguing over who killed Bob Ewell (above). This whole scene confused me, but I’ve started to understand parts of what is happening. I’ve realized that Heck is actually talking about Boo. Boo Radley, not Jem, not Scout, or anyone else, killed Bob Ewell. He’s saying that Atticus might say he should tell the whole town how he had saved the Finch children. However, his conviction is that doing something like that to someone who rarely leaves his house is a wrong. Boo had “done [Atticus] and [Maycomb] a great service”, and repaying him by putting the spotlight on him is a sin to him. In this way, Heck is purposely ignoring that Arthur killed Bob Ewell as a way of thanks. Then, at the end of the chapter, Scout says, “well, it’d be sort of like shootin’ a mockingbird, wouldn’t it?” Again, this theme of it’s a sin to kill a mockingbird surfaces. Scout means that Boo had done no harm, only a good deed, and telling everyone that he killed Bob would be a sin. Finally, Atticus says “Thank you for my children, Arthur.” Throughout the last few chapters, we see how much Scout and Jem mean to him. He states that they’re all he has. Now that Boo has saved them from what would be certain death, Atticus is extremely thankful. A question I have is: Why is Atticus so persistent on blaming Jem? I get that he wants to teach him a lesson for the future, but doesn’t he know that Boo was the one who killed Bob Ewell? I would like to discuss this topic in class as well, since this is such a pivotal moment in the story.

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