“We decided it would be best for you to have some feminine influence.”

After you have read chapters 12-13 of To Kill a Mockingbird, please respond on our blog:

  • What passage or passages strike you as interesting or singular and why?
  • What questions do you want to discuss with the class?
  • Why do you think these questions may generate interesting discussion?
  • Remember, a good discussion question does not have a single answer.  Good questions lead to interesting conversations.

Also remember to:

  • Annotate!  Annotate!  Annotate!  Use post-it notes to mark important passages and to write two or three discussion questions to direct our discussion tomorrow.  Remember!  Everyone must participate.
Mockingbird blog #5

39 thoughts on ““We decided it would be best for you to have some feminine influence.”

  1. Many different passages interested me in 12-13, but the one that struck me the most involves Calpurnia and Aunt Alexandra, and about how in their society, certain people are expected to act a specific way and fit in. For instance, when Scout and Jem go with Calpurnia to the First Purchase church, they notice she acts differently than usual. “ ‘That’s why you don’t talk like like the rest of ‘em,’ said Jem. ‘The rest of who?’ Rest of the colored folks. Cal, but you talked like they did in church,’ ” (pg. 167). At home, she talks how she knows you should talk. However, when she is surrounded by her own folk, she must speak like the rest of them. Calpurnia tries to fit in with the rest of the black people by speaking like they do. Another example of this theme is when Aunt Alexandra visits Atticus and his children. Upon her arrival, she tells Scout that she will and must act a certain way because she is a girl. “We decided it would be best for you to have some feminine influence. It won’t be many years, Jean Louise, before you become interested in clothes and boys-” Another example would be when Jem says that if she acts a certain way, she must go play with the other girls. In all of these situations, a person with a certain characteristic is anticipated to behave a specific way because of that. One question I have after reading is when Atticus talks to Jem and Scout about being a finch. Afterwards, Scout says: “I know now what he was trying to do, but Atticus was only a man. It takes a woman to do that kind of work.” What was Atticus trying to do? I think this would generate an interesting discussion, since it feels like an important part.

      • I strongly agree with your claims. Also, I even annotated that last sentence. That is a great question. I hope we find out in class.

  2. As Jem matures, he starts to change. “He was difficult to live with, inconsistent, moody.”(pp. 153) He becomes more wise and attentive, but more importantly starts to act like Atticus. He is called Mister Jem, called himself a gentleman, and one time read the paper. His point of view was starting to change too. Since Scout was born, he helped raise her from acting like a girl. Many times he got mad at Scout for acting like a girl. Then suddenly he is twelve, and he has a whole new perspective. “After one altercation when Jem hollered, ‘It’s time you started bein‘ a
    girl and acting right!’ I burst into tears and fled to Calpurnia.”(pp. 153) He wanted to act like a gentleman, and he wanted Scout to act like a girl. It was as if Aunt Alexandra had influenced him. Oddly enough, never once in these following chapters did he mention football, a sport that he enjoys dearly. Hopefully, we’ll learn more on Jem as he grows up to be a gentleman.

  3. Chapters 12 and 13 created many plot developments, character developments, and themes. It included events such as Aunt Alexandra living with Scout and Jem, Calpurnia acting stereotypical, and Jem growing up. However, one important passage in the chapters was when Scout gives the definition of fine folk. She says, “I never understood her preoccupation with heredity. Somewhere, I had received the impression that Fine Folks were people who did the best they could with the sense they had, but Aunt Alexandra was of the opinion, obliquely expressed, that the longer a family had been squatting on one patch of land the finer it was.” (p.173). Scout basically says that fine folks are people that do what they believe is right. This can apply to many characters in the novel. One obvious example of this is Atticus. He is fighting for Tom Robinson’s case even when everyone else tells him not to. He does what he thinks is right. Another example of this would be of Aunt Alexandra. However, Aunt Alexandra believes that people can only be fine folks if they had a good family history. This is strange considering the fact that Cousin Joshua tried to kill people. If Aunt Alexandra’s definition is accurate, that would mean that the Finches are not fine folks. That would mean that she is a hypocrite. Scout’s definition of fine folks relates to the passage we read in class about true courtesy. They both include the fact that the person has to do what they feel is right. They have to be true to themselves. (I think).

    • Great job! I also think that it’s strange that Aunt Alexandra said that yet I never really made the connection that she is a hypocrite. Keep up the great work!

  4. Many would mention that religion defines who you are, and you shouldn’t be afraid to express your religion in front of others. Although, like in other parts of the fantastic novel, To Kill A Mockingbird, by Harper Lee, this isn’t the case. In chapter 12, Calpurnia takes Jem and Scout to the First Purchase African M.E. Church. When they arrive at the church, people immediately change the way they feel and they certainly act different.
    “When they saw Jem and me with Calpurnia, the men stepped back and took off their hats; the women crossed their arms at their waist, weekday gestures of respectful attention. They parted and made a small pathway to the church door for us.”(page 135)
    Here Lee depicts how both women and men acted differently and acted in fright as if Jem and Scout would hurt them. This was very common and Lee added this scene to show how many colored people, were truly afraid of Caucasian people and how they acted differently once around them. Although, this isn’t how everyone there felt and Lee depicted that too by including a character named Lula who expressed how she felt when they arrived. She started to yell at Calpurnia and she mentioned how this isn’t the place for them. With this, she segregated herself by saying how Caucasian and African Americans should be separated. All in all, the characters in this book displayed how an African American would react in the 1900’s to white men coming into their colored church.

    • Great job! I like how you said that religion does not define who you are, especially in To Kill a Mockingbird. Keep up the great work! 🙂

  5. In chapters 12-13 of To Kill a Mockingbird, I found it interesting how Jem and Scout were drawing further apart from each other. Jem neglects her and they aren’t as close as they used to be. “Jem was twelve. He was difficult to live with, inconsistent, moody. His appetite was appalling, and he told me so many times to stop pestering him I consulted Atticus… Overnight, it seemed, Jem had acquired an alien set of values and was trying to impose them on me…”(153) Scout is really upset and is very lonely. She and Calpurnia start getting closer and more familiar with each other. When Aunt Alexandra arrived, she decided she should make Scout into a lady, and Jem into a gentleman. This can only mean that Scout and Jem would grow even further apart. In Aunt Alexandra’s view, a girl like Scout shouldn’t be playing with boys like Jem. Alexandra will probably try to change Scout into being a lady-like figure that does not play with boys but instead sips tea and talk about gossip. Because of this, Jem might neglect her more and in consequence their friendship might fall apart. I really hope that Scout will not listen to Aunt Alexandra so that she and Jem could stay close. They shouldn’t let their aunt ruin their relationship.

    • I love how you went into depth about Scout and Jem’s relationship. I wonder if they will drift apart like you said or an instance will bring them closer together.

  6. In chapters 12-13, relationships are developed and more is revealed about certain characters. Jem and Scout seem to be growing further and further apart from each other, and Scout feels lonely and sad because of this. In the past, the two would always play with each other, and care for each other. Now, Jem does not seem to ever want to talk with Scout, and pushes her away whenever she tries to strike up a conversation with him. “He’s gonna want to be off to himself a lot know, doin’ whatever boys do, some you just come right on in the kitchen when you feel lonesome.”(Pg. 154). The two are now growing up, and their interests are growing further apart. Jem is becoming a man, and leaving Scout behind in the process. The only source of hope for Scout to have someone to talk to and have fun with is Dill. Unfortunately for the two of them, Dill is forced to stay home that summer, which really makes Scout miserable. Scout feels alone, without anyone to talk to and anyone to hang out with. Dill is not coming over, and Jem is just growing away from her.

  7. “‘It’s time you started bein‘ a girl and acting right!’ I burst into tears and fled to Calpurnia,” (pg.153)
    This short moment in To Kill a Mockingbird is significant because it shows Scout’s relationship with Calpurnia and Calpurnia’s significance in the novel. Calpurnia works for the Finch family, but that is not all she contributes to the family. Scout and Jem’s mother died a long time ago, and so, they only have Atticus to take care of them. Calpurnia is a mother-figure to both Scout and Jem. Scout trusts that Calpurnia will make her feel better, as shown by her running to her, crying. Calpurnia is caring, and continuously teaches Jem and Scout lessons, much like how a mother would act. Her care for Scout and Jem is clearly shown, and she is like the mother Scout and Jem never had. Even though Jem and Scout are not related to her by blood, Calpurnia truly is their mother.

    • Great Job, Ellie! Your analysis was great and I loved how you focused on just Calpurnia. Also, I loved that your response cut straight to the chase. Keep up the great work.

    • Great Response Ellie! I especially loved the quote you used in the beginning, it really sums up the idea of how scout was pressured to act like a lady, even though she was more of a tomboy.

  8. In chapters 12-13 of To Kill a Mockingbird by Harper Lee, many significant and interesting events take place. Part Two starts with gender stereotypes as Jem demand that Scout “stop pestering him” and act more like a girl. Scout becomes upset and looks forward desperately to Dill’s arrival in the summer. To Scout’s disappointment, however, Dill does not come to Maycomb this year. He sends a letter saying that he has a new father (presumably, his mother has remarried) and will stay with his family in Meridian. Atticus would also be needed in the state legislature, leaving Scout to Calpurnia. One day, Calpurnia decides to take the children to her church, a “colored” church, that Sunday. At this church, a woman, Lula, criticizes Calpurnia for bringing white children to church. She repeatedly used the n-word which was surprising to me. I expected a very peaceful mass although Jem and Scout were white. However, the parish was generally friendly, and Reverend Sykes welcomes them to the church. The church was collecting money for collection for Tom Robinson’s wife, Helen, who cannot find work now that her husband has been accused of r-a-p-e. We learn that Tom Robinson has been accused by Bob Ewell and cannot understand why anyone would believe the Ewells’ word. Later on, we see some more emphasized gender differences, with Aunt Alexandra. Aunt Alexandra explains that she should stay with the children for a while, to give them a “feminine influence.” She proceeds to say,”It won’t be many years, Jean Louise before you become interested in clothes and boys.” This clearly shows how society has shaped to minds of the inhabitants of Maycomb County. Alexandra seems to be extremely proud of the Finches and spends her time discussing the characteristics of the various families in Maycomb, which was very important to the county. Chapter 13 is concluded by,”I know now what he was trying to do, but Atticus was only a man. It takes a woman to do that kind of work.” What was Atticus trying to do? I think this would generate an interesting discussion since it feels like an important part.”

  9. In chapter 13 the part that strikes me as most interesting is when Atticus talks to Scout and Jem. He says that being a Finch is special and they need to start to act like Finches. Then he comes back in the room and tells them to forget about it. On the way out of the room he goes to slam the door then he catches it and says how he’s becoming like Joushua. This is interesting because Scout says she knows what he’s trying to do. Why would Atticus do that? It is highly possible that Aunt Alexander put him up to it. This is because she is always saying how Scout needs to start acting like a girl. But if Atticus says to forget about it then why would he be mad? Atticus could just be upset because he knows what will happen when the trial comes. Another part is about Scout. Dill is not coming this summer. Scout is devistated. The summer to Scout is Dill. Maybe this will lead Scout to some depression in the summer. Overall these chapters were good and we’re seeing the story develope.

  10. Many events occur in the Chapters 12-13. First, Dill doesn’t come to Maycomb for the first time we remember. Scout is devastated because Jem and Scout have been drifting away slowly as brother and sister and as friends. He tells her to “stop pestering him” and “to stop acting like a girl.” Scout just wants a friend to hang out with, play with or talk with. As of then, it was Dill, and as of right now, she has no one. I had a thought that Dill represents her childhood and as Dill leaves, her childhood memories are fading away, as she steps into the adult world with no one to hold her hand. Another important event in Chapter 13, was when Calpurnia brings Jem and Scout to her church, the First Purchase. The name itself shows the reader, how proud the community is of their past. The First Purchase was named because it was paid for “from the first earnings of freed slaves.” The people there are very brave, kind, religious and hard working. The people gather in a rundown building that doesn’t have the money to buy hymnal books. They have one book and everyone shares. They only have a small handful of people who can do basic reading. However, they still gather together for God.

    “First Purchase was unceiled and unpainted within. Along its walls unlighted kerosene lamps hung on brass brackets; pine benches served as pews. Behind the rough oak pulpit a faded pink silk banner proclaimed God Is Love, the church’s
    only decoration except a rotogravure print of Hunt’s The Light of the World.” pg. #

    They were also very welcoming compared to how the white community treats the black community. At first, they were taken aback thinking how could Calpurnia bring two white children here? How dare she? But she told them that there is one God and that is all that matters. Also, during the service, she sees that the Father is collecting money to help Tom Robinson’s wife because he was accused of r- a- p- e and she has no job. Scout comes to the realization that the Ewells are accusing Tom Robinson of this act. Scout thinks to herself who would ever trust the Ewells? We do not know if Scout understands that no matter your social class, or your characteristics, the only thing thing that matters is the color of your skin. In this time period, with these people, in this town, that’s all that matters.

    • Anjali, I really like your idea of Dill representing Scout’s childhood and about how she just wants someone to be her friend, now that Jem is growing up and away from her. I also agree that it is unjust how the community trusts the Ewells more than a black man, even though the Ewells are known for not being very trustworthy or kind. Although sad, it is true that everything in this time period was about and based on the color of your skin, rather than who you are as a person. Wonderful response with great evidence as well!

  11. “First Purchase African M.E. Church was in the Quarters outside the southern town limits, across the old sawmill tracks. It was an ancient paint-peeled frame building, the only church in Maycomb with a steeple and bell, called First Purchase because it was paid for from the first earnings of freed slaves. Negroes worshiped in it on Sundays and white men gambled in it on weekdays.”(Pg. In chapters 12-13, this text stood out to me the most. It showed the separation between the words of Blacks and Whites, and the way that White people continually disrespect Black people. In the “Negro” Church, there are no Hymn Books and the pews are simply wooden benches. The children are surprised that there are no hymn books, but are even more surprised when Calpurnia tells them that most of the people in the church cannot even read. I also noticed that Calpurnia Leads a double life, and I am curious if the children’s knowledge of this double life will change the way they see her in the chapters to come. I also wonder if Calpurnia sees herself differently because of this.

  12. One scene that struck me as interesting after reading chapters twelve and thirteen of To Kill A Mockingbird was when Calpurnia took Scout and Jem to her Church. Atticus is called to the State Legislature for an emergency session, and thus Calpurnia is left to take care of the children. Calpurnia talks to the children and then states “How’d you and Mister Jem like to come to church with me tomorrow?” Jem and Scout agree, and then Calpurnia begins to ready them for church the next morning. She begins to vigorously wash the children, and makes them put on very good clothing for the service. When asked by Jem why she is making such a big fuss over them, she says, “I don’t want anybody sayin’ I don’t look after my children,” This passage from the book really helps to characterize Calpurnia. Although Calpurnia has already been shown as responsible, this scene shows just how much dedication and commitment she has towards Scout, Jem and Atticus. By taking them to Church and fussing over them, it shows that she wants things done the right way, like dressing up the kids, and making sure they behave. She makes sure they stay in line by sternly telling them, “Now you all quit that. You’re gonna go to First Purchase with smiles on your faces.” This also presents another side of Calpurnia. By forcing them to do the right thing in Church and making them look so presentable, Calpurnia is making it clear that she takes pride in her job. It is conveyed that she likes working for the Finch household, but holds Scout and Jem, and Atticus as well, in much higher regard. It seems she treats them almost as family, as illustrated in the fact that she takes the liberty from Atticus to take the children to Church. This feeling is reciprocated by the Finches, as they treat Calpurnia with respect. Going into the next chapters, it will be interesting to see if Calpurnia or any other supporting characters play a larger role as the novel unravels.

  13. In both of these chapters it was interesting that the feminine aspect of things is portrayed differently. In these chapters, it’s different when it’s ok to “act like a girl”. Jem is upset in chapter 12 since Scout is always in his business, so he wants her to act more like a girl supposedly. However, how can you ask her to do something that after insulting people who act like a girl, as he says. And then, in chapter 13 they visit Aunt Alexandra. There, they are leading a peaceful life instead of the adventurous one we’ve been reading about. Perhaps this is the type of girl-lifestyle that Jem has referred to. However, which way should we view a girl-type of lifestyle? Should it be celebrated or hated (In terms of the book, of course).

  14. Chapters 12-13 gave us more insight on the life of Scout and how she was learning about the world around her. One example of this was when Calpurnia brought Scout and Jem to her church, which was strictly Negro. Many people were staring and a lady even told Calpurnia that the children aren’t welcome. “Lula stopped and said, ‘You ain’t got no business bringing’ white chillun here – they got their church, we got our’n. It is our church, ain’t it, Miss Cal?’” (pg.136). Calpurnia didn’t care, she felt God didn’t care about the color of a person’s skin. She reminded me a lot of Atticus in this chapter, because she also was a role model towards the children for seeing beyond skin color. Scout also noticed how instead of reading the hymns in books, this church sung them instead. Calpurnia told them that only four parishioners could read, and she was one of them. Calpurnia always stood out to me as special, and I feel like she is a good topic of discussion. Why is she relevant in the story? I feel like I have developed an idea based off of this chapter, but I still have questions. Also, we got more insight on the Tom Robinson case. “My curiosity got to me and I asked, ‘Why were you all takin’ up a collection for Tom Robinson’s wife?’ ‘Didn’t you hear why?’ asked Reverend Sykes. ‘Helen’s got three little’uns and she can’t go out to work—’” The church was trying to collect money to support his family. This proves that white people don’t trust the entire family but the black people must think he is innocent. Calpurnia tells Scout the story of how Tom allegedly raped a white girl. We will probably hear more in future chapters, but right now, Scout is learning about what her father is really doing.

  15. In chapters 12 and 13 in we see a lot of developments of the story. Calpurnia brought Jem and Scout to her church, and they learned about how church was for black people. In these chapters, I see a recurring motif. Behavior really is a motif for the book. When Aunt Alexandra came from the Landing, she judged everyone by the way they behaved, saying that the families that they were from had a behavioral hereditary ‘Streak’. She even made Atticus repremand Jem and Scout for not behaving like a Finch. Aunt Alexandra wanted Scout to be more lady like. Some of my questions are, will Atticus side with Aunt Alexandra and make Jem and Finch act more like the traditional Finch’s? Or will Atticus let Jem and Scout be themselves? Will Scout be forced to become the lady she never wanted to be?

    • Thank you for bringing to my attention something I didn’t see before. Originally, when reading your blog, I wondered how behavior could be a motif. However, throughout your blog you provided enough details and quotations to change my mind. It is impressive that throughout this jumble of different stories and lesson there is always a underlying notion of behavior.

  16. There were a variety of passages that interested me between chapters 12 and 13, one main passage that was interesting was, “He went to the door and out of the room, shutting the door behind him. He nearly slammed it, but caught himself at the last minute and closed it softly. As Jem and I stared, the door opened again and Atticus peered around. His eyebrows were raised, his glasses had slipped. “Get more like Cousin Joshua every day, don’t I? Do you think I’ll end up costing the family five hundred dollars?” I know now what he was trying to do, but Atticus was only a man. It takes a woman to do that kind of work.” This was after Scout and Jem spoke the bad truth about a relative. Before saying this passage Atticus also chastises Jem and Scout for talking badly about that same relative who is Cousin Joshua. We see that before leaving the room Atticus pokes fun at Joshua as if to reassure his children that he has not become a harsher version of himself. This section of the book marks a turning point. Even though Atticus makes fun of Joshua he still is now enforcing harsher rules over Jem and scout then he ever did before. This change probably came because Aunty is living with JEm and Scout and she wants JEm and Scout to respect their relatives and act more like gentry. This reminds me of Pip from Great Expectations. The two novels differ because Pip wants to act like a gentleman and his parents are opposed to being a gentleman while for Scout she is opposed to being a lady but her father wants her too. As Scout grows up in a world where people are disrespecting her father she needs to quickly become a lad and stay high above taunts that her enemies might yell at her and she must stay strong as her family experiences conflict worse than they ever faced before.

  17. While reading chapters 12-13 a part of chapter 12 really stood out. In chapter 12, Atticus was away for work and the kids were at home with Calpurnia. With the kids consent, Calpurnia decided to take them to her church for Sunday service. Calpurnia’s church is very different from Jem and Scout’s church for many reasons. Cal attends a church where only African Americans go. Maycomb is such a segregated town that they had different churches and parishes for whites and blacks separated. They went to Cal’s church and were immediately starred at and Cal was specifically targeted with people asking her, what made her think she could bring them here. The kids got nervous, and thought that they should leave, but Cal stood up for them and told them to ask nice, and that they’d be fine. The kids had felt uncomfortable in the church but Cal was there for them so it was alright. Seeing the kids feel uncomfortable at the parish was a different side to experience because we are used to seeing the white people in the community make the black people uncomfortable. It very clearly showed how much segregation there was in Maycomb. It helped us see how much of a dividing line there was between the people in Maycomb. It is very important to the story and to understanding the time period that the segregation in somewhere as sacred as church was still very prominent.

    • This passage also showed how them being Atticus’ children made a difference in how they were treated there. The Reverent told them how they loved Atticus since he was defending a black man in court, and I think that made a difference in a way that they were treated.

  18. This weekend we read chapters twelve and thirteen. In chapter twelve Calpurnia brings Scout and Jem to her church, because Atticus is out of town. Here, Scout and Jem learn about how different the lives of negroes are. In chapter thirteen Aunt Alexandra comes to stay with Scout, Jem and Atticus (and Cal). The reason for this was that Auntie wanted Scout to have a feminine influence, and wanted to teach both kids to behave. After some time Alexandra told Atticus to talk to the kids. Atticus tries to be serious with the kids at first,

    Atticus suddenly grew serious. In his lawyer’s voice, without a shade of inflection, he said: “Your aunt has asked me to try and impress upon you and Jean Louise that you are not from run-of-the-mill people, that you are the product of several generations’ gentle breeding—” (Pg. 177)

    but once Scout starts to cry he cracks and becomes himself again. “I felt his hand on the back of my head. “Don’t you worry about anything,” he said. “It’s not time to worry.” When I heard that, I knew he had come back to us.” (Pg. 178) This entire passage was my favorite. So far Atticus is one of my favorite characters and this passage characterizes him well. It also characterizes Alexandra, in the sense that she wanted the kids to act differently, but wouldn’t tell them herself.

  19. A scene that took my interest in chapters 12 and 13 of To Kill A Mockingbird, was at the very end of chapter 13. This was when Atticus talked to Jem and Scout, on request from their Aunt Alexandra, who is staying with them for the time being, about how they need to live up to the Finch family name more. This was very strange to hear from Atticus, and the children were certainly surprised to see him act and speak so differently.

    “Stunned, Jem and I looked at each other, then at Atticus, whose collar seemed to worry him. We did not speak to him… Presently I picked up a comb from Jem’s dresser and ran its teeth along the edge. “Stop that noise,” Atticus said. His curtness stung me. The comb was midway in its journey, and I banged it down. For no reason I felt myself beginning to cry, but I could not stop. This was not my father. My father never thought these thoughts. My father never spoke so. Aunt Alexandra had put him up to this, somehow. Through my tears I saw Jem standing in a similar pool of isolation, his head cocked to one side.”
    (pg 178)

    Atticus was suddenly being strict with the children, which took them off guard, though he quickly reverted to his normal self and told them to forget everything he had said. I think he realized that everything he said wasn’t his own words or feelings, they were all Aunt Alexandra’s opinions. This further lets us understand Atticus’ character, because we can see that he is a good father, however nonconventional he may be, and he takes into account how his children feel. He is always very respectful of them and their opinions, and he doesn’t force or spring anything on them that he hasn’t already enforced throughout their childhood, like being kind to everyone, no matter their race. This scene ended with Atticus making a joke about himself becoming more like their cousin Joshua, who got locked in jail and cost the family $500. “His eyebrows were raised, his glasses had slipped. ‘Get more like Cousin Joshua every day, don’t I?
    Do you think I’ll end up costing the family five hundred dollars?’ I know now what he was trying to do, but Atticus was only a man. It takes a woman to do that kind of work.” I think that the part when his glasses slipped down his nose, is referring to the time when they fell and broke when he shot the mad dog. We discussed in class that the glasses may be a symbol for the barrier between the two sides of Atticus, his older, scholarly side, and his younger, more rambunctious side. I believe that when the glasses slipped in this scene, it was the so-called barrier falling for a moment as he talked to the children in a joking manner, rather than being harsh like he was a moment ago. Furthermore, when Scout says that she realizes later in life what Atticus was trying to achieve by making the joke, she says that the point he was trying to get across could only be achieved by a woman. I am confused as to what exactly this point is, and why only a woman can achieve it? If anyone else understood what she meant, I would greatly appreciate any clarification! 🙂

    • I really like your analysis of this part in chapter 13. And it was great how you brought up our class discussion. I think that Scout’s statement means that women have a way of getting a point across, and can explain themselves better. I’m not really sure, but that is what I think Scout means.

  20. Many important events occurred in chapters 12-13. In chapter 12, Calpurnia takes the kids to church, where Jem and Scout notice her change of behavior when she is with her friends, and when she is with the Finch’s. In the church, Calpurnia defended the kids when Lula questioned why there were there. Calpurnia had to explain to Jem and Scout why she had different way of speaking at the church. She said that although she knew better, when you have a more sophisticated way of tongue, it is respectful to just speak like that person. It was interesting how Calpurnia was one of the four people who knew how to read in the First Purchase. And in the church there are no hymn books, so one of the four people who can read will read a line of a prayer or song, and the patrons at the church will sing it back. Although this part just proved how only a small portion of colored people had an education, it also displays the power of coming together, and being a part of a community where it is all for one. Like how no one was allowed to leave the church until the ten dollars was collected for Tom Robinson. And it seemed that all of the colored people thought very highly Atticus and greatly appreciated him. And I noticed how Scout would always say that the First Purchase’s sermon was just like the white sermon, because when it comes to religion, there should not be a difference.

  21. In chapter 12 and 13 of How to Kill a Mockingbird we see a major character development in Jem. This development is not necessarily for the better. Jem is known as somewhat of a guide to scout. He would always hang out with scout and do everything in his power to prevent Scout from turning out as a goal. However as Jem got older his views and personality changed with him “Jem was twelve. He was difficult to live with, inconsistent, moody…Overnight, it seemed, Jem had acquired an alien set of values and was trying to impose them on me” It seems as though Jem is an entirely different person to scout. He now wants Scout to start acting like a girl. He is clearly straying away for Scout and almost neglecting her. It may bee that this change may be just temporary , but we won’t know until we read more.

  22. I think something very important to the story was Aunt Alexandra’s views of makes a proper lady and what Scout is beginning to view as a lady. When Aunt Alexandra is mentioning things that make a lady, Scout begins to notice that Calpurnia doesn’t fit these standards but yet she is someone who is a real lady. Cal is a lady but skin deep, she has all the qualties of one, and should be viewed as such. But Aunt Alexandra might be a lady, but the way she is a lady is very shallow. She doesn’t seem to realize that there is more to being a lady than being dainty, soft, prim and proper. Since she is being brought to be a feminine influence on Scout, she will probably impose bad morals upon Scout, like only thinking of the outside appearance before someone’s morals.

  23. On page 157 of To Kill A Mockingbird, Calpurnia says, “ ‘I don’t want anyone sayin’ I don’t look after my children,’ she muttered.” This is an interesting quote because Calpurnia is essentially saying that she is their mother. I think Harper Lee is saying something about what defines someone as a parent. Calpurnia isn’t Scout and Jem’s biological mother, but she acts like it. Harper Lee might be trying to say that what defines a parent isn’t whether a parent is their child’s biological parent, but rather if they take care of them. This reminds me of Great Expectations. Magwitch had always said that he was a second father figure to Pip, since he was the one who made him a gentleman. On top of that, Joe, who wasn’t Pip’s biological parent either, cared for Pip his whole life. There is no arguing that. So, maybe Harper Lee is trying to convey that taking care of someone makes them more of a parent to that person than that person’s biological parent.

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