Light Meter

Light meter is a tool in your camera that tells you if you have enough light to take a picture

We use a reflected light-meter : reads light reflected off subject

Symbols: green dot=correct

red + = over-exposed (too much light)

red – = under-exposed (not enough light)

You are always aiming for “the middle.”  If your light meter is reading + or – you need to adjust the fstop and/or shutter speed to get a correct exposure.

Just because you have a correct exposure, DOES NOT mean it will be a “good” picture.

The light meter will change it’s reading based on:

-available light

-the value of the subject of your photo

To activate your light meter:

-put batteries in the camera

-turn the camera on

-look through the view finder

-focus on the subject

-depress the shutter release button half way to see the light meter scale

Evolution of the Camera

First camera: “pinhole camera” or camera obscura;

  • developed by Aristotle;
  • drawing tool
  • black box with tiny hole
  • temporary capturing of an image before invention of photographic paper
  • *****smaller pinhole, better the detail (need longer exposure time because less light)

-REVOLUTIONARY MOMENT: when mirrors and lenses went into pinhole camera

-mirrors not developed until Scientific Revolution

First picture recorded: Silver Gelatin (film print) black and white print by Niepce, 1824

The First Photograph

-photographers/scientists created an emulsion (chemical surface that’s light sensitive) that they would put on a silver plate and expose . . . (did not know how to stop developing from happening)

. . . finally figured it out in 1839; Daguerre discovered chemicals needed to stop developing process and fix; prints called “daguerrotypes”-one of a kind images done on a silver plate

-1st negative-glass negative called Callodine Wet-Plate Process

  • 1850’s-when photography was not for the masses
  • negative was the negative and photograph
  • had to develop immediately; could not store emulsion
  • process used in the Civil War

-Photography can have a bias. Based on how a photographer chooses to take their picture, they are impacting the viewer.

Stereographic Photograph

  • 1870’s

-invention of the “disposable camera

  • George Eastman invented film; where emulsion could be stored and dried; did not have to develop immediately
  • 1888
  • $25, 100 frames
  • person would send camera back, Eastman-Kodak cameras would develop film and send it back
  • HUGE IMPACT: photography now for the masses; artists now use photography as a use of art; more impressionism in painting

“Move It” – Compositional Devices

Today we discussed how moving the focal point out of the center of the composition can lead to the creation of more interesting photographs.  Three compositional devices discussed were:

Rule of Thirds (dividing the total composition into 3rds and aligning focal point on these imaginary line)

Golden Triangle (aligning focal points on diagonal lines)



Golden Ratio (based on the Fibonacci Sequence)

Some examples:

Portrait Photography/ Golden Ratios, Golden Triangle, Golden Spiral

(Note: Golden Spiral refers to Golden Ratio composition)

Made Ya Look!

What makes a photo interesting to look at?  What makes us want to keep looking at it?

In class today we will look at the photos we took on the 1st day, and have a group critique using the guiding questions below:

1. What drew you to the photo?  Consider: subject, composition and/or story

2. What elements of art (ex. line, texture. value, space) and principles of design (repetition, balance, emphasis, proportion/scale, contrast) are most important in the selected photo?  Why?

3. Where is the photographer relative to the subject? Why is that important?

Final Exam Project-Portfolio Website

Create a personalized portfolio website to highlight your best work from this year.

This project will count as 20% of your course grade, so give it the time and effort it deserves!


Your final website portfolio will be graded not only on the quality of the works included, but the overall site design.


Note: if you have a website from previous years or course, please feel free to continue working on this one.  Just consider taking some time to update it and eliminate works you may no longer feel best represent you as an artist.


If you have to make a website for two courses this year, you can combine them. Just be sure to touch base with all teachers involved, and be sure to include all of the required elements from all courses.

Deadline checkpoints that will count as a homework grade:

4/20 – Website URL (Consider,,,

– All work photographed and saved to google drive photo folder



Home Page

Minimum Requirements:

Autobiographical Image

Your Name





Artist Statement/About Page

Minimum Requirements:

3 paragraphs:



 What viewers can expect when looking at the site

Link to influences





       Portfolio Pages

Minimum Requirements:

2 works from 1st semester

1 Contact sheet


3 works from 2nd Semester

1 Sketchbook Page








Site Design

Site Theme


No evidence of template images or text


Cohesive and non-distracting Overall Design


Ease/Clarity of Site Navigation







Additional Elements

List additional elements here:






Richard Avedon- “Creator, not observer”

Today we began watching (first 20 minutes) a documentary on Richard Avedon called Darkness and Light. As you watch the video, REALLY LOOK at his photographs!

If you were absent, you can click here to watch the video at home, and take notes on the following 3,2,1:

3 – Examples of unpredictable shoots

2- Observations of how Avedon communicates with/inspires his models

1-observation about equipment used in shoots

1st semester reflection

Create file in google docs and name in your name and 1st semester reflections, save it to your photography folder


Paper Heading: Name, Course Name, paper title


Insert the photo of your 1st semester portfolio at the top of the paper.


Begin with an introduction that is a few sentences. This should be an overview statement.


Possible starters:

-As a student in photography…

-When I signed up for photo…

Photography is…

-A quote

-A question




General statement about 1st semester portfolio (notice recurring themes, styles, compositions, etc.)  Don’t write this sentence if it doesn’t apply!
What are you most proud of? Why?

Explain, don’t list!

Refer to critique comments where relevant


Moving Forward:

Possible options:

  • Areas to work on; what is your action plan? How will you work on items mentioned?
  • refer to critique comments where relevant


  • Areas of interest to explore during second semester or thoughts about moving into AP 2D