Compare and Contrast Compositional devices used in Photography and Video

While watching this video create a t-chart in your sketchbook.

On one side, list compositional devices we discussed so far in photography.  On the opposite side, list compositional devices we have not yet discussed.

Save space in the area below the chart to list three interesting facts from the video.


Mastering Composition + Cinematography with Will Smith

Iconic Photos

We recognize iconic photos (even if we’ve never studied them in art class) through:

History Books

English Books

Appropriation in other media forms (ex. Cartoons and memes)

They are part of our cultural fabric.

Eisenstadt                                  Lange








Made Ya Look!

e a group critique using the guiding questions below:

1. What drew you to the photo?  Consider: subject, composition and/or story

2. What elements of art (ex. line, texture. value, space) and principles of design (repetition, balance, emphasis, proportion/scale, contrast) are most important in the selected photo?  Why?

3. Where is the photographer relative to the subject? Why is that important?

Look Beyond Borders – Amnesty International 4 Minute Experiment

Inspired by this project, Photo students shot portraits today with a partner in the room that was someone they didn’t know.

They spent 2 minutes looking into each others eyes, followed by some time to talk to each other using the following guiding questions.

  • What the experience was like for you
  • How you feel in new situations where people don’t know you
  • How you think people perceive you
  • How you perceive yourself
  • One thing you wish people knew about you

After this intro activity, students took each others portraits.


When talking about the problem of refugees, we use dehumanised language, which reduces human tragedy to numbers and statistics. But this suffering concerns real people, who – just like us – have families, loved ones, friends; their own stories, dreams, goals… Only when you sit down opposite a specific person and look into their eyes, you no longer see an anonymous refugee, one of the migrants, and notice the human before you, just like yourself – loving, suffering, dreaming… 20 years ago, psychologist Arthur Aron discovered that 4 minutes of looking into each other’s eyes can bring people closer. Using this discovery, we decided to carry out a simple experiment, during which refugees and Europeans sat opposite each other and looked into each other’s eyes. Clearly, it is most important to give each other time to better understand and get to know each other. The experiment was conducted in Berlin: the city, which – first of all – is a symbol of overcoming the divisions, and secondly, seems to be the centre of the contemporary Europe. We wanted the movie created on the basis of the experiment to be as symbolic as possible – and to touch upon the general divisions between people. The experiment participants were ordinary people. The situations were not staged; we wanted to get natural, spontaneous reactions. The people sitting opposite each other had not known each other before and saw each other for the first time during the experiment. What is important, the refugees mostly came from Syria and had not been living in Europe for longer than a year.

Evolution of the Camera

First camera: “pinhole camera” or camera obscura;

  • developed by Aristotle;
  • drawing tool
  • black box with tiny hole
  • temporary capturing of an image before invention of photographic paper
  • *****smaller pinhole, better the detail (need longer exposure time because less light)

-REVOLUTIONARY MOMENT: when mirrors and lenses went into pinhole camera

-mirrors not developed until Scientific Revolution

First picture recorded: Silver Gelatin (film print) black and white print by Niepce, 1824

The First Photograph

-photographers/scientists created an emulsion (chemical surface that’s light sensitive) that they would put on a silver plate and expose . . . (did not know how to stop developing from happening)

. . . finally figured it out in 1839; Daguerre discovered chemicals needed to stop developing process and fix; prints called “daguerrotypes”-one of a kind images done on a silver plate

-1st negative-glass negative called Callodine Wet-Plate Process

  • 1850’s-when photography was not for the masses
  • negative was the negative and photograph
  • had to develop immediately; could not store emulsion
  • process used in the Civil War

-Photography can have a bias. Based on how a photographer chooses to take their picture, they are impacting the viewer.

Stereographic Photograph

  • 1870’s

-invention of the “disposable camera

  • George Eastman invented film; where emulsion could be stored and dried; did not have to develop immediately
  • 1888
  • $25, 100 frames
  • person would send camera back, Eastman-Kodak cameras would develop film and send it back
  • HUGE IMPACT: photography now for the masses; artists now use photography as a use of art; more impressionism in painting