Evolution of the Camera

First camera: “pinhole camera” or camera obscura;

  • developed by Aristotle;
  • drawing tool
  • black box with tiny hole
  • temporary capturing of an image before invention of photographic paper
  • *****smaller pinhole, better the detail (need longer exposure time because less light)

-REVOLUTIONARY MOMENT: when mirrors and lenses went into pinhole camera

-mirrors not developed until Scientific Revolution

First picture recorded: Silver Gelatin (film print) black and white print by Niepce, 1824

The First Photograph

-photographers/scientists created an emulsion (chemical surface that’s light sensitive) that they would put on a silver plate and expose . . . (did not know how to stop developing from happening)

. . . finally figured it out in 1839; Daguerre discovered chemicals needed to stop developing process and fix; prints called “daguerrotypes”-one of a kind images done on a silver plate

-1st negative-glass negative called Callodine Wet-Plate Process

  • 1850’s-when photography was not for the masses
  • negative was the negative and photograph
  • had to develop immediately; could not store emulsion
  • process used in the Civil War

-Photography can have a bias. Based on how a photographer chooses to take their picture, they are impacting the viewer.

Stereographic Photograph

  • 1870’s

-invention of the “disposable camera

  • George Eastman invented film; where emulsion could be stored and dried; did not have to develop immediately
  • 1888
  • $25, 100 frames
  • person would send camera back, Eastman-Kodak cameras would develop film and send it back
  • HUGE IMPACT: photography now for the masses; artists now use photography as a use of art; more impressionism in painting
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