Studio Lighting

Studio Lighting

Types of Light

1. Continuous Light (stays on)

  • Example: sun, room lighting, light bulbs
  • All have different qualities to them – not all made equally
  • Type of light you experience with the sun is different than the light experienced with fluorescent lights
  • The different types of continuous lighting emit different types of light that are different colors
  • Example: Taking a picture inside with light bulbs around and the pictures come out yellow-ish/orange

On digital cameras you can find this under WB (white balance)

~different types of light emit different colors

  • Example: Sun, light bulb, cloud
  • Direct/Natural Sunlight (SUN) -downside of this is shadows.
  • Incandescent/Tungsten Bulb: Literally hot, makes warm tones in your photos (BULB)
  • Flourescent: Makes cool tones (SCHOOL LIGHTS)
  • Diffused Light: Overcast (CLOUDS)
  • Diffused light is the best lighting scenario: all the tones stay even and you can achieve whites

2. Strobe Lighting (Burst of Light)

  • Camera Flash (ON Camera Strobe)
  • Strobe Light (OFF Camera Strobe/Flash)
  • Strobe Light HAS to sync with your camera
  • Replaces the shutter speed, do not have to set shutter speed
  • Still have to set the F-STOP, using higher ones such as 16 and 22, to get a large DOF, and so that the strobe light doesn’t overexpose the subject we are looking at
  • Strobe Light has a reserve, just as the camera flash does, after using it it needs to recycle the energy again
  • Strobe Light connects to the camera where the flash typically does at the hot shoe
  • If we have two lights, we want them to fire at the same time, both lights communicate and shoot at the same time
  • Flash on the camera can also sync with the strobe light

Direction of Light

  • LIGHT TRAVELS IN STRAIGHT LINES!!!!
  • When doing a shoot, you are making decisions about the distance of light, angle of light, and the height of the light
  • You can control the path!

1. Light Behind the Subject = Silhouette

2. One Light on One Side = Strong directional shadows; moody/artistic

3. Two Lights at Same Angle and Height = MOST COMMON FOR PORTRAITS/ minimize shadows

  • 45 degree angle
  • Eye level
  • Standard Portraits

There are two lights inside:

  1. Coil Light – Strobe
  2. Modeling Light – Continuous
  • Allows us to be totally in control of all the light in the room
  • You need a light on to set up the shoot

Strobe Light Vocabulary

  1. Modeling Light: Continuous light source in the strobe light, used for setting up the shoot and focusing
  2. Synch Cord: Connects the light source (flash) to the camera
  3. Hot Shoe: Synch cord gets plugged into the hot shoe, a mount that sits on the top of the camera, used to connect flashes or synch cord
  4. Slave: Enables you to use multiple lights, part of the strobe light that allows you to fire multiple lights and have them communicate
  5. Ambient Light – Available Light

Power: Big red button with thunderbolt above it

Modeling Light: Gray button with light bulb above it (continuous light source)

Slave: Eye above it, to turn on the slave feature

Test/Recycle: Smaller red button used to recycle the energy in your flash, you can use just to test if the flash is working

Output Dial: You can turn up the power of light

Reflector Umbrella: Diffuses the light and spreads the light evenly for a well-lit picture

  1. Silver Umbrella: Harsher/Stronger Light
  2. White Umbrella: Softer Light
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